Several miRNAs are expressed in human gestational tissue, and some have been shown to be associated with placental dysfunction and complicated pregnancy outcomes. To investigate the roles of miR-346 and miR-582-3p in adverse obstetric events, we analyzed these 2 miRNAs in three samples (maternal blood, umbilical cord blood and placenta) obtained from pregnant women in four groups, including healthy control (n = 60), preeclampsia (n = 31), preterm delivery (n = 29) and small for gestational age (n = 19) patients. The expression levels of miR-346 and miR-582-3p in all included adverse obstetric outcome groups were significantly higher in the maternal plasma samples but lower in the placenta samples (all p value < 0.05). In addition, the miR-346 expression levels in fetal cord blood were also significantly lower in all of the included adverse obstetric outcome groups (all p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis of the three specimens after adjusting for maternal age and gestational age at delivery gave the same results. In conclusion, aberrant miR-346 and miR-582-3p expression level in pregnancy was associated with multiple maternal and fetal complications. Their differential expression in maternal blood, umbilical cord blood and placenta could be potential biomarkers or therapeutic targets for adverse obstetric outcomes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry