We evaluated the role of the hippocampal formation in cocaine-induced cortical electroencephalographic (EEG) desynchronization and penile erection. Adult, male Sprague-Dawley rats anesthetized and maintained by chloral hydrate were used. Intravenous (1.5 or 3.0 mg/kg) administration of cocaine dose-dependently increased intracavernous pressure (ICP), our experimental index for penile erection. This was accompanied by desynchronization of EEG activity recorded from the somatosensory cortex (cEEG), as represented by a decrease in root mean square (RMS) and an increase in mean power frequency (MPF) values. There was a simultaneous increase in the RMS values, without significant changes in the MPF values of EEG signals recorded from the hippocampal formation (hEEG). In animals that received prior application of 10% xylocaine either intrathecally (i.t.) at the L6-S1 spinal levels or directly into the bilateral hippocampal formation, the RMS values of both cEEG and hEEG signals induced by cocaine (1.5 or 3.0 mg/kg, i.v.) were appreciably reduced, along with a further increase in ICP. Unilateral microinjection of cocaine (15 or 30 μg) into the hippocampal formation elicited discernible excitation of both cEEG and hEEG signals. Intriguingly, the ICP underwent a significant and dose-dependent reduction, which was discernibly antagonized by i.t. application of xylocaine. We conclude that cocaine may effect cortical EEG desynchronization but cause a reduction in ICP via an action on the hippocampal formation.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Oct 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience