Differentially expressed serum haptoglobin alpha chain isoforms with potential application for diagnosis of head and neck cancer

Chao Bin Chen, Yu Chieh Su, Tze-Ta Huang, Hsu Chueh Ho, Ya Ting Chang, Ya Ting Tung, Wen Chien Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The discovery of molecular biomarkers is crucial to the diagnosis of head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). Methods: Proteins from pre-surgery serum samples of patients with HNSCC and healthy individuals were analyzed by 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) using a 17 cm-long immobilized pH gradient gel strip (large gel). The differentially expressed protein spots were detected by statistical analysis. Because 2 haptoglobin (Hp) α chains were found to be differentially expressed, the genotypic distribution of Hp α chains in patients and healthy individuals was assayed by polymerase chain reaction. The protein expression levels of Hp α chains in individuals carrying different Hp alleles were analyzed by 2-DE with a small gel. Results: Two isoforms of haptoglobin α2 chain (Hp α2) in patients' sera were found from 2-DE analysis to be up-regulated, while the isoforms of haptoglobin α1 chain (Hp α1) were significantly down-regulated. Apolipoprotein AII and 2 isoforms of apolipoprotein CII were also differentially expressed in the sera of patients with HNSCC. The Hp α2 chain was significantly up-regulated in the patients carrying at least one haptoglobin 2 allele, according to the spot intensities from scanned images of small-gel 2-DE. Conclusions: The expression pattern of seven differentially expressed polypeptides and the up-regulation of Hp α2 in individuals with the Hp 2 allele are potential biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-52
Number of pages5
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume398
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1

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Haptoglobins
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Protein Isoforms
Gels
Serum
Electrophoresis
Squamous Cell Neoplasms
Alleles
Head
Biomarkers
Apolipoprotein C-II
Apolipoprotein A-II
Proteins
Proton-Motive Force
Polymerase chain reaction
Surgery
Statistical methods
Up-Regulation
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Peptides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this

Chen, Chao Bin ; Su, Yu Chieh ; Huang, Tze-Ta ; Ho, Hsu Chueh ; Chang, Ya Ting ; Tung, Ya Ting ; Lee, Wen Chien. / Differentially expressed serum haptoglobin alpha chain isoforms with potential application for diagnosis of head and neck cancer. In: Clinica Chimica Acta. 2008 ; Vol. 398, No. 1-2. pp. 48-52.
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abstract = "Background: The discovery of molecular biomarkers is crucial to the diagnosis of head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). Methods: Proteins from pre-surgery serum samples of patients with HNSCC and healthy individuals were analyzed by 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) using a 17 cm-long immobilized pH gradient gel strip (large gel). The differentially expressed protein spots were detected by statistical analysis. Because 2 haptoglobin (Hp) α chains were found to be differentially expressed, the genotypic distribution of Hp α chains in patients and healthy individuals was assayed by polymerase chain reaction. The protein expression levels of Hp α chains in individuals carrying different Hp alleles were analyzed by 2-DE with a small gel. Results: Two isoforms of haptoglobin α2 chain (Hp α2) in patients' sera were found from 2-DE analysis to be up-regulated, while the isoforms of haptoglobin α1 chain (Hp α1) were significantly down-regulated. Apolipoprotein AII and 2 isoforms of apolipoprotein CII were also differentially expressed in the sera of patients with HNSCC. The Hp α2 chain was significantly up-regulated in the patients carrying at least one haptoglobin 2 allele, according to the spot intensities from scanned images of small-gel 2-DE. Conclusions: The expression pattern of seven differentially expressed polypeptides and the up-regulation of Hp α2 in individuals with the Hp 2 allele are potential biomarkers.",
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Differentially expressed serum haptoglobin alpha chain isoforms with potential application for diagnosis of head and neck cancer. / Chen, Chao Bin; Su, Yu Chieh; Huang, Tze-Ta; Ho, Hsu Chueh; Chang, Ya Ting; Tung, Ya Ting; Lee, Wen Chien.

In: Clinica Chimica Acta, Vol. 398, No. 1-2, 01.12.2008, p. 48-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Background: The discovery of molecular biomarkers is crucial to the diagnosis of head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). Methods: Proteins from pre-surgery serum samples of patients with HNSCC and healthy individuals were analyzed by 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) using a 17 cm-long immobilized pH gradient gel strip (large gel). The differentially expressed protein spots were detected by statistical analysis. Because 2 haptoglobin (Hp) α chains were found to be differentially expressed, the genotypic distribution of Hp α chains in patients and healthy individuals was assayed by polymerase chain reaction. The protein expression levels of Hp α chains in individuals carrying different Hp alleles were analyzed by 2-DE with a small gel. Results: Two isoforms of haptoglobin α2 chain (Hp α2) in patients' sera were found from 2-DE analysis to be up-regulated, while the isoforms of haptoglobin α1 chain (Hp α1) were significantly down-regulated. Apolipoprotein AII and 2 isoforms of apolipoprotein CII were also differentially expressed in the sera of patients with HNSCC. The Hp α2 chain was significantly up-regulated in the patients carrying at least one haptoglobin 2 allele, according to the spot intensities from scanned images of small-gel 2-DE. Conclusions: The expression pattern of seven differentially expressed polypeptides and the up-regulation of Hp α2 in individuals with the Hp 2 allele are potential biomarkers.

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