Digital Battery Management Design for Point-of-Load Applications with Cell Balancing

Yin Di Yang, Kai Yu Hu, Chien Hung Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


In portable devices, such as notebook computers and tablet personal computers, one or more battery strings with multiple lithium-ion (Li-ion) cells have been used since long. Life cycle and safety of the Li-ion battery strings are crucial aspects. A battery management system (BMS) is required for monitoring the status of each cell and balancing their state of charge (SoC). However, most conventional cell equalizers provide only cell monitoring and equalization functions. In this article, a parallel architecture is presented that not only achieves battery cell equalization but also is capable of providing voltage regulation for point-of-loads (POLs). In the proposed equalizer, several isolated dc-dc converters are constructed. The input terminal of each converter is connected to a battery cell, and the output terminals are connected to one point for the poststage POLs. A battery voltage acquirement system is built for SoC estimation. A central BMS controller is realized using a field-programmable gate array to receive sensed signals and control all the functions. The entire system is verified using the experimental results for a battery string involving three NCR 18650B Li-ion cells connected in series.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8835118
Pages (from-to)6365-6375
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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