Direct bioactive ceramics coating via reactive Growing Integration Layer method on α-Ti-alloy

Chi Huang Huang, Rong Sheng Chen, Masahiro Yoshimura

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5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper demonstrates Ca-P-rich bio-ceramic and hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings formed directly from the solution of calcium acetate (CA) and sodium dihydrogen phosphate (SDP) on α-Ti-alloy substrates by Growing Integration Layer (GIL) technology under DC power supply. The composition of the α-Ti-alloy was Ti7Cu5Sn. The GIL coated films formed in 30 min time with different voltages applied had porous and rough ceramic surfaces. They consisted mostly of various oxides like rutile, anatase, and calcium phosphates (including hydroxyapatite) that reduce corrosion rate and increase biocompatibility. An important feature was the reduction of Cu at the surfaces of the alloys. Furthermore, along with the applied voltage, the content of HA, the size of micro-pores, and hardness all increased, while the number of micro-pores in the ceramic membrane got reduced. The potential, current and resistance of corrosion were identified by potentiodynamic (PD) polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The higher applied voltage improved the surface quality, HA formation rate, and the anti-corrosion behavior. Consequently, the samples – prepared at 350 V and surface current density of 3 A/cm 2 – possessed the most compact HA films, and also had the best corrosion resistance – in 0.9 wt% NaCl solution at 37 ± 1 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1216-1223
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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