Direct measurement of Dirac point and Fermi level at graphene/oxide interface by internal photoemission

Kun Xu, Caifu Zeng, Qin Zhang, Peide Ye, Kang Wang, Curt A. Richter, David Gundlach, Nhan V. Nguyen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


We report the first direct measurement of the Dirac point, the Fermi level, and the work function of single layer gapless graphene by using photoemission threshold spectroscopy. Since the pioneering work of Novoselov et al in 2004, [1] graphene has attracted an immense amount of interest from all disciplines. [2] The knowledge of the physics of graphene-based devices has grown dramatically. Along with the recent success of large area chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth of graphene, [3] it seems the industrial applications such as transparent electrodes, [4] field effect transistors, [5] and quantum well devices [6] are becoming more promising. However, the precise position of the Dirac point and Fermi level at the graphene/oxide interface has yet to be investigated; despite their importance in the design and modeling of graphene-based devices. In this paper, we present the study of a semi-transparent metal/high-k/graphene/SiO 2/Si structure, and focus our study on the photoemission phenomena at the graphene/SiO 2 interface. As a result, a complete electronic band alignment of the graphene/SiO 2/Si system is accurately constructed for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication70th Device Research Conference, DRC 2012 - Conference Digest
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event70th Device Research Conference, DRC 2012 - University Park, PA, United States
Duration: 2012 Jun 182012 Jun 20

Publication series

NameDevice Research Conference - Conference Digest, DRC
ISSN (Print)1548-3770


Conference70th Device Research Conference, DRC 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityUniversity Park, PA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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