Discordant semilobar holoprosencephaly in monozygotic twins with de novo inv dup(15) marker chromosome and de novo mutation on SHH gene

Hsiu Huei Peng, Pao-Lin Kuo, An Shine Chao, Tzu Hao Wang, Yao Lung Chang, Yung Kuei Soong, Shuenn Dyh Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a 30-year-old woman with a twin pregnancy, 1 fetus displaying a small head circumference, semilobar holoprosencephaly, and cleft lip as detected by ultrasound at 23 weeks of gestation. Fetal magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of semilobar holoprosencephaly. The other twin, however, had an appropriate fetal growth, devoid of any major structural anomalies. Karyotyping by G-banding of amniocentesis specimens in both fetuses showed 47,XY,+mar. Fluorescence in situ hybridization showed in the marker chromosome positive dicentric signals for the chromosome 15 centromere-specific alpha satellite DNA probe (D15Z1) and negative signals for the SNRPN probe (15q11-13), thus establishing a cytogenetic diagnosis of 47,XX,+mar.ish idic(15)(q11-q13)(D15Z1++,SNRPN-) for both fetuses. The parental karyotypes were normal. The fetuses, therefore, had a de novo inv dup(15) marker chromosome without involvement of the Prader-Willi region. Short tandem repeat markers (total 15 markers) confirmed that the fetuses were monozygotic twins. Short tandem repeat markers at the 15q region (total 6 markers) excluded the possibility of uniparental disomy (15) mat or uniparental disomy (15) pat. Molecular study in both fetuses of TGIF, SHH, SIX3, and ZIC2 genes revealed a heterozygous 1085 C > T (Ser 362 Leu) on the SHH gene, but a homozygous 1085 C > C (Ser 362 Ser) for both parents on the SHH gene. The couple decided to terminate the pregnancy at 26 weeks of gestation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of semilobar holoprosencephaly with inv dup(15) marker chromosome and missense SHH gene mutation 1085 C > T (Ser 362 Leu).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-393
Number of pages5
JournalFetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Holoprosencephaly
Monozygotic Twins
Genetic Markers
Fetus
Mutation
snRNP Core Proteins
Genes
Mars
Pregnancy
Microsatellite Repeats
Satellite DNA
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15
Karyotyping
Twin Pregnancy
Amniocentesis
Centromere
Cleft Lip
DNA Probes
Fetal Development
Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Embryology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

Peng, Hsiu Huei ; Kuo, Pao-Lin ; Chao, An Shine ; Wang, Tzu Hao ; Chang, Yao Lung ; Soong, Yung Kuei ; Chang, Shuenn Dyh. / Discordant semilobar holoprosencephaly in monozygotic twins with de novo inv dup(15) marker chromosome and de novo mutation on SHH gene. In: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy. 2007 ; Vol. 22, No. 5. pp. 389-393.
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abstract = "We present a 30-year-old woman with a twin pregnancy, 1 fetus displaying a small head circumference, semilobar holoprosencephaly, and cleft lip as detected by ultrasound at 23 weeks of gestation. Fetal magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of semilobar holoprosencephaly. The other twin, however, had an appropriate fetal growth, devoid of any major structural anomalies. Karyotyping by G-banding of amniocentesis specimens in both fetuses showed 47,XY,+mar. Fluorescence in situ hybridization showed in the marker chromosome positive dicentric signals for the chromosome 15 centromere-specific alpha satellite DNA probe (D15Z1) and negative signals for the SNRPN probe (15q11-13), thus establishing a cytogenetic diagnosis of 47,XX,+mar.ish idic(15)(q11-q13)(D15Z1++,SNRPN-) for both fetuses. The parental karyotypes were normal. The fetuses, therefore, had a de novo inv dup(15) marker chromosome without involvement of the Prader-Willi region. Short tandem repeat markers (total 15 markers) confirmed that the fetuses were monozygotic twins. Short tandem repeat markers at the 15q region (total 6 markers) excluded the possibility of uniparental disomy (15) mat or uniparental disomy (15) pat. Molecular study in both fetuses of TGIF, SHH, SIX3, and ZIC2 genes revealed a heterozygous 1085 C > T (Ser 362 Leu) on the SHH gene, but a homozygous 1085 C > C (Ser 362 Ser) for both parents on the SHH gene. The couple decided to terminate the pregnancy at 26 weeks of gestation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of semilobar holoprosencephaly with inv dup(15) marker chromosome and missense SHH gene mutation 1085 C > T (Ser 362 Leu).",
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Discordant semilobar holoprosencephaly in monozygotic twins with de novo inv dup(15) marker chromosome and de novo mutation on SHH gene. / Peng, Hsiu Huei; Kuo, Pao-Lin; Chao, An Shine; Wang, Tzu Hao; Chang, Yao Lung; Soong, Yung Kuei; Chang, Shuenn Dyh.

In: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy, Vol. 22, No. 5, 01.08.2007, p. 389-393.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Discordant semilobar holoprosencephaly in monozygotic twins with de novo inv dup(15) marker chromosome and de novo mutation on SHH gene

AU - Peng, Hsiu Huei

AU - Kuo, Pao-Lin

AU - Chao, An Shine

AU - Wang, Tzu Hao

AU - Chang, Yao Lung

AU - Soong, Yung Kuei

AU - Chang, Shuenn Dyh

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Y1 - 2007/8/1

N2 - We present a 30-year-old woman with a twin pregnancy, 1 fetus displaying a small head circumference, semilobar holoprosencephaly, and cleft lip as detected by ultrasound at 23 weeks of gestation. Fetal magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of semilobar holoprosencephaly. The other twin, however, had an appropriate fetal growth, devoid of any major structural anomalies. Karyotyping by G-banding of amniocentesis specimens in both fetuses showed 47,XY,+mar. Fluorescence in situ hybridization showed in the marker chromosome positive dicentric signals for the chromosome 15 centromere-specific alpha satellite DNA probe (D15Z1) and negative signals for the SNRPN probe (15q11-13), thus establishing a cytogenetic diagnosis of 47,XX,+mar.ish idic(15)(q11-q13)(D15Z1++,SNRPN-) for both fetuses. The parental karyotypes were normal. The fetuses, therefore, had a de novo inv dup(15) marker chromosome without involvement of the Prader-Willi region. Short tandem repeat markers (total 15 markers) confirmed that the fetuses were monozygotic twins. Short tandem repeat markers at the 15q region (total 6 markers) excluded the possibility of uniparental disomy (15) mat or uniparental disomy (15) pat. Molecular study in both fetuses of TGIF, SHH, SIX3, and ZIC2 genes revealed a heterozygous 1085 C > T (Ser 362 Leu) on the SHH gene, but a homozygous 1085 C > C (Ser 362 Ser) for both parents on the SHH gene. The couple decided to terminate the pregnancy at 26 weeks of gestation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of semilobar holoprosencephaly with inv dup(15) marker chromosome and missense SHH gene mutation 1085 C > T (Ser 362 Leu).

AB - We present a 30-year-old woman with a twin pregnancy, 1 fetus displaying a small head circumference, semilobar holoprosencephaly, and cleft lip as detected by ultrasound at 23 weeks of gestation. Fetal magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of semilobar holoprosencephaly. The other twin, however, had an appropriate fetal growth, devoid of any major structural anomalies. Karyotyping by G-banding of amniocentesis specimens in both fetuses showed 47,XY,+mar. Fluorescence in situ hybridization showed in the marker chromosome positive dicentric signals for the chromosome 15 centromere-specific alpha satellite DNA probe (D15Z1) and negative signals for the SNRPN probe (15q11-13), thus establishing a cytogenetic diagnosis of 47,XX,+mar.ish idic(15)(q11-q13)(D15Z1++,SNRPN-) for both fetuses. The parental karyotypes were normal. The fetuses, therefore, had a de novo inv dup(15) marker chromosome without involvement of the Prader-Willi region. Short tandem repeat markers (total 15 markers) confirmed that the fetuses were monozygotic twins. Short tandem repeat markers at the 15q region (total 6 markers) excluded the possibility of uniparental disomy (15) mat or uniparental disomy (15) pat. Molecular study in both fetuses of TGIF, SHH, SIX3, and ZIC2 genes revealed a heterozygous 1085 C > T (Ser 362 Leu) on the SHH gene, but a homozygous 1085 C > C (Ser 362 Ser) for both parents on the SHH gene. The couple decided to terminate the pregnancy at 26 weeks of gestation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of semilobar holoprosencephaly with inv dup(15) marker chromosome and missense SHH gene mutation 1085 C > T (Ser 362 Leu).

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