Purpose: To compare the biomechanical properties of a high-tensile strength suture and high-tensile strength tape in tendon graft fixation using two needleless suture wrapping techniques, the modified Prusik knot and modified rolling hitch. Methods: Two needleless suture wrapping techniques, the modified rolling hitch (MR) and modified Prusik knot (MP), were utilized. Meanwhile, two kinds of suture materials, a No. 2 braided nonabsorbable high-strength suture (S) and a 1.3 mm high-tensile strength tape (T), were used. A total of 40 porcine tendons were used, which were randomly divided into four groups. Each group was assigned to one of the following groups: MRS, MRT, MPS, and MPT. Each specimen was pretensioned to 100 N for three cycles, cyclically loaded from 50 to 200 N for 200 cycles, and finally loaded to failure. Results: The MRT group (34.1 ± 3.5%) had a significantly higher value compared with the MRS (29.7 ± 2.3%), MPS (27.1 ± 3.6%) and MPT (29.5 ± 4.0%) groups in term of elongation after cyclic loadings (p = 0.002). In terms of ultimate failure load, there were no significant differences in the MRS (401 ± 27 N), MRT (380 ± 27 N), MPS (398 ± 44 N) and MPT (406 ± 49 N) values (p = 0.539). All specimens failed due to suture breakage at the knots. Conclusion: Compared with the high-tensile strength suture, using the high-tensile strength tape lead to greater elongation after cyclic loading when the modified rolling hitch was used. No differences in terms of elongation after cyclic loading and load to failure were found between the high-tensile strength suture and tape using the modified Prusik knot.
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