Dominance of second Bessel peak in relativistic electromagnetic ion cyclotron instabilities driven by fusion-produced fast ions

Kuan-Ren Chen, H. K. Chen, S. H. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Relativistic electromagnetic ion cyclotron instabilities driven by fusion-produced fast ions in magnetized plasmas can have two peaks in their growth rate spectrum. The wave numbers of these two peaks are close to the first and second peaks, respectively, of the Bessel function that is in the resonance driving term. The driving of the second Bessel and growth rate peak occurring at a higher wave number is weaker than that of the first peak. Surprisingly, as in contrast to conventional wisdom, the second peak can dominate near the instability threshold. For the higher energy of fusion-produced fast ion such as 14.7 MeV, the slow ion temperature is required to be higher for overcoming the threshold to drive a cubic instability, which is determined by an Alfv́nic condition. This cubic instability is due to the coupling of the first-order slow ion resonance and second-order fast ion resonance. This finite temperature effect is on the slow ion resonance and increases with wave number and thus the threshold is first satisfied near the second peak. Therefore, the second peak appears earlier in the instability spectrum and dominates near the threshold. The cubic instability has a much larger frequency mismatch than a coupled quadratic instability; a larger frequency mismatch indicates more fast ion energy to loss before the nonlinear saturation of the instability. When the slow ion temperature or density is about twice that of the threshold, the second peak has transited from the cubic to the coupled quadratic instability while the first peak remains as the cubic instability, in contrast to the previous 3.02 MeV proton case.

Original languageEnglish
Article number092102
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Oct 8

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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