Butylmethylpyrrolidinium-dicyanamide (BMP-DCA) ionic liquid (IL), which enables the pseudocapacitive behavior of a MnO2 electrode, performing over a wide potential range of 3 V, is considered to be a promising electrolyte for supercapacitors. Various additives are doped in this IL electrolyte in attempt to further improve the electrochemical performance of MnO2; NaDCA is found to be the most effective. An appropriate concentration (∼0.01 M) of NaDCA in the IL can optimize the capacitance of the MnO2 electrode; the values are 100 and 125 F g-1 at 25 and 50 °C, respectively. The NaDCA-doped IL is superior to traditional aqueous electrolytes for high-energy, high-power, elevated-temperature, and long-life MnO 2 supercapacitor applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Chemistry