Doppler velocimetry of the umbilical and intraplacental fetal arteries was studied by color flow mapping in 39 normal pregnancies. The systolic-diastolic ratio (S/D) and pulsatility index of the intraplacental fetal artery downstream to the umbilical artery decreased significantly with advancing gestational age, and its S/Ds were persistently lower than those of the umbilical artery. The difference in the S/D between the umbilical artery and its intraplacental downstream branches decreased with advancing gestational age and approached zero as the pregnancy progressed to term. We conclude that intraplacental fetal arteries, possibly fetal arteries in main stem villi, can be imaged by color flow mapping and that there is a significant “resistance gradient” between the intraplacental fetal artery and the umbilical artery. Intraplacental fetal artery velocimetry using color flow mapping may give further insights into the umbilicalplacental circulation.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Obstetrics and Gynecology|
|Publication status||Published - 1991 Mar|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology