This study aimed to estimate the downstream complications and healthcare expenditure after invasive procedures for lung lesions, which in turn could be used for future cost-effectiveness analyses of lung cancer screening in Taiwan. We interlinked the Taiwan National Beneficiary Registry with the National Health Insurance Reimbursement databases to identify non-lung cancer individuals aged 50–80 years who underwent invasive lung procedures within one month after non-contrast chest computed tomography between 2014 and 2016. We directly matched one individual with 10 controls by age, gender, calendar year, residence area, comorbidities, and the past one-year healthcare expenditure to calculate incremental one-month complication rates and attributable costs. A total of 5805 individuals who underwent invasive lung procedures were identified and matched with 58,050 controls. The incremental one-month complication rates were 13.4% (95% CI: 10.9% to 15.8%), 10.7% (95% CI: 9.2% to 12.1%), and 4.4% (95% CI: 2.0% to 6.7%) for thoracic surgery, bronchoscopy, and needle biopsy, respectively. The incremental one-month healthcare expenditure for minor, intermediate, and major complications were NT$1493 (95% CI: NT$-3107 to NT$6092), NT$18,422 (95% CI: NT$13,755 to NT$23,089), and NT$58,021 (95% CI: NT$46,114 to NT$69,929), respectively. Individuals aged 60–64 years incurred the highest incremental costs. Downstream complications and the healthcare expenditure after invasive procedures for lung lesions would be substantial for non-lung cancer individuals 50–80 years of age. These estimates could be used in modeling the cost-effectiveness of the national lung screening program in Taiwan.
|Journal||International journal of environmental research and public health|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis