Dry autothermal reforming from biomass derived gas under excess enthalpy with porous medium

Ming Pin Lai, Wei-Hsiang Lai, Rong Fang Horng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dry autothermal reforming (DATR) from biomass derived gas (BDG) under excess enthalpy with porous medium (PM) is investigated in this study. Preheating reactant by internal heat recirculation of a PM may enhance the reaction of input mixture and improve production of H 2-rich syngas. Temperature distribution of catalyst and fuel conversion efficiency are studied with various feeding rates of reactant and PM under high-temperature and carbon-rich conditions. Fuel conversion and H 2-rich syngas selectivity are improved by reactant preheating with increased enthalpy of reactant by the heat transfer stored in PM. Control parameters include methane feeding rate, CO 2/CH 4 and O 2/CH 4 molar ratios, and PM material. Experimental results indicate that reformate gas temperature with PM-assisted dry autothermal reforming is higher than the equilibrium adiabatic temperature. The results are helpful to understand the internal heat recirculation under excess enthalpy reaction. In the reforming, it not only provides the required energy for a self-sustaining reaction, but also enhances fuel conversion efficiency. The improvements in methane conversion efficiency is 18%, energy loss percentage 20.7%, and reforming efficiency 33.9%, respectively with the best parameter settings by an OBSiC PM. Additionally, the theoretical production is calculated by the HSC Chemistry software (ChemSW Software, Inc.). Highlights: A design to preheat and premix the reactants with porous medium in the reforming process. Biomass derived gas is used for reforming for SOFCs and MCFCs. Excess enthalpy is achieved by internal heat recirculation with porous medium installed in the front of reactor. The improvement in reforming efficiency is 33.9% with the CO 2/CH 4 of 1.0 and O 2/CH 4 of 0.75 by using an OBSiC porous medium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-416
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume217
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov 1

Fingerprint

biomass
Reforming reactions
Porous materials
Enthalpy
Biomass
Gases
enthalpy
gases
methylidyne
Conversion efficiency
synthesis gas
Preheating
Methane
Carbon Monoxide
heat
methane
computer programs
Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
heating
sustaining

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Dry autothermal reforming from biomass derived gas under excess enthalpy with porous medium",
abstract = "Dry autothermal reforming (DATR) from biomass derived gas (BDG) under excess enthalpy with porous medium (PM) is investigated in this study. Preheating reactant by internal heat recirculation of a PM may enhance the reaction of input mixture and improve production of H 2-rich syngas. Temperature distribution of catalyst and fuel conversion efficiency are studied with various feeding rates of reactant and PM under high-temperature and carbon-rich conditions. Fuel conversion and H 2-rich syngas selectivity are improved by reactant preheating with increased enthalpy of reactant by the heat transfer stored in PM. Control parameters include methane feeding rate, CO 2/CH 4 and O 2/CH 4 molar ratios, and PM material. Experimental results indicate that reformate gas temperature with PM-assisted dry autothermal reforming is higher than the equilibrium adiabatic temperature. The results are helpful to understand the internal heat recirculation under excess enthalpy reaction. In the reforming, it not only provides the required energy for a self-sustaining reaction, but also enhances fuel conversion efficiency. The improvements in methane conversion efficiency is 18{\%}, energy loss percentage 20.7{\%}, and reforming efficiency 33.9{\%}, respectively with the best parameter settings by an OBSiC PM. Additionally, the theoretical production is calculated by the HSC Chemistry software (ChemSW Software, Inc.). Highlights: A design to preheat and premix the reactants with porous medium in the reforming process. Biomass derived gas is used for reforming for SOFCs and MCFCs. Excess enthalpy is achieved by internal heat recirculation with porous medium installed in the front of reactor. The improvement in reforming efficiency is 33.9{\%} with the CO 2/CH 4 of 1.0 and O 2/CH 4 of 0.75 by using an OBSiC porous medium.",
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Dry autothermal reforming from biomass derived gas under excess enthalpy with porous medium. / Lai, Ming Pin; Lai, Wei-Hsiang; Horng, Rong Fang.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 217, 01.11.2012, p. 407-416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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