The gear mesh stiffnesses have been regarded as constants in most previous models of geared rotor-bearing systems. In this paper, a dynamic analysis of a spur geared rotor-bearing system with nonlinear gear mesh stiffness is presented. The nonlinear gear mesh stiffness is accounted for by bending, fillet-foundation and contact deflections of gear teeth. A finite element model of the geared rotor-bearing system is developed, the equations of motion are obtained by applying Lagrange's equation, and the dynamic responses are computed by using the fourth-order Runge-Kutta numerical method. Numerical results indicate that the proposed gear mesh stiffness provides a realistic dynamic response for spur geared rotor-bearing system.