Dynamic ejection behaviour of water molecules passing through a nano-aperture nozzle

Jenn Kun Kuo, Hsin Yi Lai, Pei Hsing Huang, Jhih Wei Jhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study used molecular dynamics (MD) simulation to investigate the passage of water molecules through a composite graphene/Au nano-nozzle. Our focus was on the degree to which system temperature, extrusion speed, and nozzle diameter affect jet dynamics and the associated transient phenomena. Our findings show that high pressure and spatial confinement cause the nanojet from a small nozzle diameter (1.0 nm) to bend and twist, whereas the jets from a nozzle with a diameter of 1.5 nm present columns of greater stability. At 100 K, the H2O nanojet froze at the outlet of the nozzle in the form of condensed icicles. At 500 K, the H2O nanojet formed a loose spray and gaseous clusters. High extrusion speed of 55.824 m/s produced recirculating flow downstream from the nanojet with the appearance of an erupting volcano, which further prompted the jet column to thicken. Lower extrusion speeds produced jets with flow velocity insufficient to overcome the capillary force at the outlet of the nozzle, which subsequently manifests as unstable fluctuations in the flow rate. HIGHLIGHTS Water molecules through a composite graphene/Au nano-nozzle forming a nanojet is investigated. High pressure and spatial confinement cause the nanojet from a small nozzle diameter (≤1.0 nm) to bend and twist. High extrusion speed (≧55.824 m/s) produced recirculating flow downstream from the nanojet. Figure abstract: Schematic of the H2O nano-jet through a nano-nozzle of graphene/Au.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1469-1477
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Simulation
Volume44
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 22

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Information Systems
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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