This paper examines particle trapping and release in confined microvortex flows, including those near a solid surface due to variations in the electrokinetic slip velocity and those at a liquid-gas interface due to an external momentum source. We derive a general analytical solution for a two-dimensional microvortex flow within a semicircular cap. We also use a bifurcation theory on the kinetic equation of particles under various velocity and force fields to delineate the conditions for a vortex trap, a point trap, a limit cycle trap, and the selective sorting of the particles into different traps. In the presence of only divergence-free forces on suspended particles, we find that two parameters, such as those related to Stokes drag, gravity, and flow vorticity, are sufficient to classify all the trap topologies for a given slip velocity distribution. We also show that nondivergence-free forces such as nonuniform repulsion or attraction can capture suspended particles in one trap and selectively sort a binary suspension into different traps.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Aug 16|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics