Dynamic Traction Splint as an Alternative Surgical Treatment for Comminuted Intraarticular Fracture of Metacarpophalangeal Joint

Kuo Shu Hung, Hsiu Yun Hsu, Li Chieh Kuo, Jer Hao Chang, Yao Chou Lee, Chien Liang Ho, Shin Chen Pan, Shyh Jou Shieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Comminuted intraarticular fractures of the metacarpophalangeal joint (MPJ) are difficult to treat. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of using a dynamic traction splint to treat comminuted intraarticular fracture of MPJ. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review on patients with comminuted intraarticular fracture of the MPJ treated with a dynamic traction splint at National Cheng Kung University Hospital between March 2014 and February 2018. The surgical procedures consisted of a transverse Kirschner wire insertion and treatment for concomitant injuries. The patients then received staged regular rehabilitation programs under a hand therapists' supervision for 14 weeks. Active range of motion (ROM) of injured digits, Visual Analog Scale score for pain, and return-to-work status were recorded to evaluate functional outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 10 patients were included. All were male patients and aged 8 to 66 years. The most common injury mechanism was motor vehicle accident (70%). The locations of fractures were 1 at the metacarpal head and 9 at the proximal phalangeal bases. Half of the fractures were open. Concomitant injuries were 1 digital nerve severance, 1 extensor tendon rupture, and 3 dorsal skin avulsions. There were no postoperative complications. The active ROM of the MPJ ranged from 40° to 90° with a median ROM of 80°. The Visual Analog Scale score for pain was 0 in 8 patients and 1 in the other 2 patients. All patients returned to their original workplace after rehabilitation. CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic traction splints and postoperative rehabilitation programs could be an alternative treatment for comminuted intraarticular fracture of the MPJ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S35-S40
JournalAnnals of plastic surgery
Volume86
Issue number2S Suppl 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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