Early cytomegalovirus reactivation after heart transplantation: A case report and literature review

Lan Pin Kuo, Meng Ta Tsai, Jui Yin Kao, Yu Ning Hu, Chi Fu Cheng, Chun Hao Chang, Jun Neng Roan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reactivation of cytomegalovirus is one of the most significant morbidities in solid organ transplant recipients. Reports describing the risk factors for cytomegalovirus reactivation in heart transplantation are scarce. We present a case in which viral reactivation 9 days after heart transplantation resulted in cytomegalovirus enterocolitis. Before transplantation, the patient received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Cytomegalovirus reactivation occurred under prophylactic medication with valganciclovir and progressed to cytomegalovirus enterocolitis, complicated by ischemia and a small bowel perforation. The patient died of repeated septic shock, severe gastrointestinal tract complications, and cytomegalovirus hepatitis. A review of 70 heart transplant recipients at our hospital from 2005 to 2020 revealed that cytomegalovirus reactivation occurred more frequently in those who received pretransplantation extracorporeal membrane oxygenation than in those who did not (36.4% vs. 6.8%, P = 0.018). This finding suggests that early diagnosis and prompt management of cytomegalovirus reactivation in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to heart transplantation is crucial.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100083
JournalTransplantation Reports
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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