Economic and life-cycle greenhouse gas optimization of microalgae-to-biofuels chains

Wei Wu, Keng Hsien Lin, Jo Shu Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The new microalgae-to-biofuels chains for producing diesel and ethanol simultaneously are presented. The techno-economic analysis shows that the break-even prices of diesel and ethanol are estimated about US$0.49/kg and US$2.61/kg, respectively, the internal rate of return (IRR) is close to 29.21%, and the commercial prices and yield of products dominate the profitability of this project. According to life cycle analysis (LCA) standards, the life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for producing diesel and ethanol are 0.039 kg CO2-eq/MJ FAME and 0.112 kg CO2-eq/MJ EtOH, respectively. It is verified that the process integration of the heat recovery scheme, the entrainer recovery tower, and CO2 recycling can effectively reduce life-cycle GHG emissions of this design. Through a specific optimization algorithm under different lipid contents and 180 scenario combinations for the cultivation and pretreatment processes, the compromise solutions between the maximum total revenue and the minimum environmental impact can be found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-559
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource technology
Volume267
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov

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economic cycle
Biofuels
Greenhouse gases
biofuel
diesel
Life cycle
ethanol
greenhouse gas
Ethanol
life cycle
Gas emissions
Economics
life cycle analysis
Economic analysis
Waste heat utilization
economic analysis
profitability
Towers
Lipids
Environmental impact

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

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abstract = "The new microalgae-to-biofuels chains for producing diesel and ethanol simultaneously are presented. The techno-economic analysis shows that the break-even prices of diesel and ethanol are estimated about US$0.49/kg and US$2.61/kg, respectively, the internal rate of return (IRR) is close to 29.21{\%}, and the commercial prices and yield of products dominate the profitability of this project. According to life cycle analysis (LCA) standards, the life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for producing diesel and ethanol are 0.039 kg CO2-eq/MJ FAME and 0.112 kg CO2-eq/MJ EtOH, respectively. It is verified that the process integration of the heat recovery scheme, the entrainer recovery tower, and CO2 recycling can effectively reduce life-cycle GHG emissions of this design. Through a specific optimization algorithm under different lipid contents and 180 scenario combinations for the cultivation and pretreatment processes, the compromise solutions between the maximum total revenue and the minimum environmental impact can be found.",
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Economic and life-cycle greenhouse gas optimization of microalgae-to-biofuels chains. / Wu, Wei; Lin, Keng Hsien; Chang, Jo Shu.

In: Bioresource technology, Vol. 267, 11.2018, p. 550-559.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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