Effect of alpha-chymotrypsin on the nonadrenergic, noncholinergic contraction of the rat urinary bladder in vitro

Yat-Ching Tong, Y. C. Hung, S. N. Lin, J. T. Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of peptides in mediating the nonadrenergic, noncholinergic (NANC) response of the rat urinary bladder was studied. Electrical stimulation of muscle strips from 3-month-old female Wistar rat urinary bladders in the presence of autonomic blockers (atropine 10-6 mol/l, propanolol 10-6 mol/l, phentolamine 10-6 mol/l, and guanethidine 10-6 mol/l) showed NANC contraction accounting for 60% of the maximum contractile responses at 40 Hz. Frequency-response studies showed that in the presence of alpha-chymotrypsin (2 U/ml, 30-min incubation), the NANC contractile responses to electrical stimulation at lower frequencies (3-10 Hz) were enhanced (p < 0.05; n = 9). However, no significant differences were observed at higher frequencies (20-40 Hz). With repetitive 4-Hz stimulation, alpha chymotrypsin caused a 19% increase in the NANC contractile response (p < 0.05; n = 8). It is postulated that the NANC response of the rat bladder smooth muscle is composed of an excitatory (contractile) and an inhibitory (relaxant) component. Some peptide(s) is/are responsible for mediating the inhibitory response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-287
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacology
Volume51
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Jan 1

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Urinary Bladder
Electric Stimulation
Guanethidine
Peptides
Phentolamine
Atropine
Propranolol
Smooth Muscle
Wistar Rats
Muscles
In Vitro Techniques
alpha-chymotrypsin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Effect of alpha-chymotrypsin on the nonadrenergic, noncholinergic contraction of the rat urinary bladder in vitro",
abstract = "The role of peptides in mediating the nonadrenergic, noncholinergic (NANC) response of the rat urinary bladder was studied. Electrical stimulation of muscle strips from 3-month-old female Wistar rat urinary bladders in the presence of autonomic blockers (atropine 10-6 mol/l, propanolol 10-6 mol/l, phentolamine 10-6 mol/l, and guanethidine 10-6 mol/l) showed NANC contraction accounting for 60{\%} of the maximum contractile responses at 40 Hz. Frequency-response studies showed that in the presence of alpha-chymotrypsin (2 U/ml, 30-min incubation), the NANC contractile responses to electrical stimulation at lower frequencies (3-10 Hz) were enhanced (p < 0.05; n = 9). However, no significant differences were observed at higher frequencies (20-40 Hz). With repetitive 4-Hz stimulation, alpha chymotrypsin caused a 19{\%} increase in the NANC contractile response (p < 0.05; n = 8). It is postulated that the NANC response of the rat bladder smooth muscle is composed of an excitatory (contractile) and an inhibitory (relaxant) component. Some peptide(s) is/are responsible for mediating the inhibitory response.",
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Effect of alpha-chymotrypsin on the nonadrenergic, noncholinergic contraction of the rat urinary bladder in vitro. / Tong, Yat-Ching; Hung, Y. C.; Lin, S. N.; Cheng, J. T.

In: Pharmacology, Vol. 51, No. 5, 01.01.1995, p. 281-287.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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