Effect of ball milling on structures and properties of dispersed-type dental amalgam

Jiin Huey Chern Lin, Fred Ying Yi Chen, Hui Ju Chiang, Chien Ping Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of ball milling on the initial mercury vapor release rate and mechanical properties such as compressive strength, diametral tensile strength and creep value, of the dispersed-type dental amalgam, and comparison was made with respect to two commercial amalgam alloys. Methods: Ball milling was employed to modify the configuration of the originally spherical-shaped Ag-Cu-Pd dispersant alloy particles. Improvement in mechanical properties while maintaining a low early-stage mercury vapor release rate of the amalgam is attempted. Results: The experimental results show that the amalgam (AmB10) which was made from Ag-Cu-Pd dispersant alloy particles that were ball-milled for 10 min and heat-treated at 300 °C for 2 days exhibited a low initial mercury vapor release rate of 69 pg/mm2/s, which was comparable with that of commercial amalgam alloy Tytin (68 pg/mm2/s), and was lower than that of Dispersalloy (73 pg/mm2/s). As for mechanical properties, amalgam AmB10 exhibited the highest 1 h compressive strength (228 MPa), which was higher than that of commercial amalgam alloy Dispersalloy by 72%; while its 24 h diametral tensile strength was also the highest (177 MPa), and was higher than that of Dispersalloy by 55%. Furthermore, the creep value of the amalgams made from Ag-Cu-Pd alloy particles with 10 min ball-milling and heat treatment at 300 °C for 2 days was measured to be 0.12%, which was about 20% that of Dispersalloy. Significance: It is found that ball milling of the dispersant Ag-Cu-Pd alloy particles for 10 min was able to modify the configuration of the alloy particles into irregular-shapes. Subsequently, heat treatment at 300 °C significantly lowered the initial mercury vapor release rate, increased its 1 h compressive strength and 1 h diametral tensile strength, and lowered its creep value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e65-e79
JournalDental Materials
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • General Dentistry
  • Mechanics of Materials

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of ball milling on structures and properties of dispersed-type dental amalgam'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this