The objectives of the present study were to investigate particulate matter (PM) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations in ambient air during rice straw open burning and non-open burning periods. In the ambient air of a rice field, the mean PM concentration during and after an open burning event were 1828 and 102 μg m-3, respectively, which demonstrates that during a rice field open burning event, the PMconcentration in the ambient air of rice field is over 17 times higher than that of the non-open burning period. During an open burning event, themean total PAHand total toxic equivalence (BaPeq ) concentrations in the ambient air of a rice field were 7206 ng m-3 and 10.3 ng m-3, respectively, whereas after the open burning event, they were 376 ng m-3 and 1.50 ng m-3, respectively. Open burning thus increases total PAH and total BaPeq concentrations by 19-fold and 6.8-fold, respectively. During a rice straw open burning event, in the ambient air of a rice field, themean dry deposition fluxes of total PAHs and total BaPeq were 1222 μg m-2 day-1 and 4.80 μg m-2 day-1, respectively, which are approximately 60- and 3-fold higher than those during the non-open burning period, respectively. During the non-open burning period, particle-bound PAHs contributed 79.2-84.2% of total dry deposition fluxes (gas + particle) of total PAHs. However, an open burning event increases the contribution to total PAH dry deposition by particle-bound PAHs by up to 85.9-95.5%. The results show that due to the increased amount of PM in the ambient air resulting from rice straw open burning, particle-bound PAHs contributed more to dry deposition fluxes of total PAHs than they do during non-open burning periods. The results show that biomass (rice straw) open burning is an important PAH emission source that significantly increases both PM and PAH concentration levels and PAH dry deposition in ambient air.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Jan|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering