Effect of Cu Intercalation Layer on the Enhancement of Spin-to-Charge Conversion in Py/Cu/Bi2Se3

Shu Hsuan Su, Cheong Wei Chong, Jung Chuan Lee, Yi Chun Chen, Vyacheslav Viktorovich Marchenkov, Jung Chun Andrew Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The spin-to-charge conversion in Permalloy (Py)/Cu/Bi2Se3 is tunable by changing the Cu layer thickness. The conversion rate was studied using the spin pumping technique. The inverse Edelstein effect (IEE) length λIEE is found to increase up to ~2.7 nm when a 7 nm Cu layer is introduced. Interestingly, the maximized λIEE is obtained when the effective spin-mixing conductance (and thus Js) is decreased due to Cu insertion. The monotonic increase in λIEE with decreasing Js suggests that the IEE relaxation time (τ) is enhanced due to the additional tunnelling barrier (Cu layer) that limits the interfacial transmission rate. The results demonstrate the importance of interface engineering in the magnetic heterostructure of Py/topological insulators (TIs), the key factor in optimizing spin-to-charge conversion efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3687
JournalNanomaterials
Volume12
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science

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