Effect of current density and concentration on microstructure and corrosion behavior of 6061 Al alloy in sulfuric acid

I. C. Chung, C. K. Chung, Y. K. Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxide coatings were prepared on 6061 aluminum alloys (AA6061) using anodization process in the electrolyte solution of H2SO4. The effects of applied current density (0.3– 3 A/dm2) and sulfuric acid concentration (1– 5 M) in a wide range on the morphology, thickness, phase formation, elemental composition, and corrosion resistance of alumina ceramic coatings have been investigated using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer and potentiostatic polarization test. Applying high current density resulted in higher growth rate of the oxide, but made the oxide layer more porous and less protective on the AA6061 alloy. Increasing sulfuric acid concentration also enhanced the reaction rate. A vigorous reaction taking place in the electrolyte with a high sulfuric acid concentration of 3– 5 M led to in the deposits cracked which deteriorated corrosion resistance. The coating with the best corrosion resistance (Icorr = 1.203 × 10− 10 A/cm2) was obtained by anodizing at the current density of 1 A/dm2 in an electrolyte with the sulfuric acid concentration of 1 M.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-306
Number of pages8
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume313
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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