Transparent conductive films of Al-doped ZnO (AZO) were deposited onto inexpensive soda-lime glass substrates by radio frequency (rf) magnetron sputtering using a ZnO target with an Al content of 3 wt%. The Taguchi method with a L9 orthogonal array, signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were employed to examine the performance characteristics of the coating operations. This study investigated the effect of the deposition parameters (rf power, sputtering pressure, thickness of AZO films, and substrate temperature) on the electrical, structural, morphological and optical properties of AZO films. The grey-based Taguchi method showed the electrical resistivity of AZO films to be about 9.15 × 10-3 Ω cm, and the visible range transmittance to be about 89.31%. Additionally, the films were annealed in a vacuum ambient (5.0 × 10-6 Torr) at temperatures of 400, 450, 500 and 600 °C, for a period of 30 min. It is apparent that the intensity of the X-ray peaks increases with annealing treatment, leading to improved crystallinity of the films. By applying annealing at 500 °C in a vacuum ambient for 30 min, the AZO films show the lowest electrical resistivity of 2.31 × 10-3 Ω cm, with about 90% optical transmittance in the visible region and a surface roughness of Ra = 12.25 nm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics