Dopamine is known as a precursor of catecholamine and one of the neurotransmitters in brain and peripheral tissues. Recent studies suggest an important role of dopamine in immune responses. In the present study, intraperitoneal administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) which lowered endogenous dopamine suppressed splenocyte proliferation in response to mitogens such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and concanavalin A (Con A). Moreover, intravenous injection of the specific agonists of dopamine DA-1 receptor (SKF38393) or DA-2 receptor (LY171555) into mice enhanced the splenocyte proliferation stimulated by LPS or Con A. In the in vitro cultures, dopamine, SKF38393 and LY171555 directly promoted cell proliferation to LPS or Con A. These results indicate that dopamine has an ability to regulate B- and T-cell proliferation both in vivo and in vitro.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)