Effect of Doxycycline in Decreasing the Severity of Clostridioides difficile Infection in Mice

Bo Yang Tsai, Yi Hsin Lai, Chun Wei Chiu, Chih Yu Hsu, Yi Hsuan Chen, Yueh Lin Chen, Pei Jane Tsai, Yuan Pin Hung, Wen Chien Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Doxycycline possesses antibacterial activity against Clostridioides difficile and anti-inflammatory effects. Materials and Methods: The influence of doxycycline on the development of CDI was studied in an established animal model of CDI using C57BL/6 mice. Results: Mice intraperitoneally administered doxycycline had higher cecum weight (1.3 ± 0.1 vs. 0.5 ± 0.1 g; p < 0.001) and less body weight reduction (0.7 ± 0.5 g vs. −17.4 ± 0.2 g; p < 0.001) than untreated mice infected with C. difficile. Oral doxycycline, metronidazole, or vancomycin therapy resulted in less body weight reduction in mice with CDI than in untreated mice (1.1 ± 0.1 g, 1.3 ± 0.2 g, 1.2 ± 0.1 g, vs. 2.9 ± 0.3 g; p < 0.001). Doxycycline therapy led to lower expression levels of inflammatory cytokines, such as macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (0.4 ± 0.1 vs. 2.9 ± 1.3, p = 0.02), and higher levels of zonula occludens-1 (1.2 ± 0.1 vs. 0.8 ± 0.1, p = 0.02) in colonic tissues than in untreated mice. Conclusions: Concurrent intraperitoneal administration of doxycycline and oral C. difficile challenge does not aggravate the disease severity of CDI, and oral doxycycline may be a potential therapeutic option for CDI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of Doxycycline in Decreasing the Severity of Clostridioides difficile Infection in Mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this