Effect of family caregiver oral care training on stroke survivor oral and respiratory health in Taiwan: A randomised controlled trial

Y. W. Kuo, Miao-Fen Yen, S. Fetzer, J. D. Lee, L. C. Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of home-based oral care training programs on tongue coating (TC), dental plaque (DP), and symptoms of respiratory infection (SRI) in stroke survivors. Methods: A single-blind, randomised, controlled trial conducted in a home-based setting over 2 months. Stroke survivors (n=48, experimental group) and their family caregivers received home-based oral care training programme while a control group of 46 stroke survivors and family caregivers received routine oral care education with swabs. TC, DP, and SRI were assessed at baseline and after one and two months, with results analysed using Mixed Model ANOVA. Results: Poor oral hygiene and overall neglect of home oral care practices were observed at baseline. TC and DP scores were significantly reduced in the experimental group receiving the home-base oral care training program compared to the control group, who received only routine oral care education (P<0.001). The groupxtime interaction was significant, with decreased TC and DP scores for both groups at one month and at two months of additional care (when compared to baseline). The SRI scores were not significantly different between groups (P>0.05). The groupxtime interaction did not correlate with SRI for either group when compared to the baseline and to one month and two months of additional care. No adverse events were encountered and there was no external funding. Conclusions: Home-based oral care training programme had a beneficial effect on oral health as measured by TC and DP scores. The effect on SRI requires further longitudinal study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalCommunity Dental Health
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Oral Health
Taiwan
Caregivers
Survivors
Dental Plaque
Randomized Controlled Trials
Stroke
Education
Tongue
Respiratory Tract Infections
Group Homes
Single-Blind Method
Control Groups
Oral Hygiene
Home Care Services
Longitudinal Studies
Analysis of Variance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{0599c51c291f45169ffd13a9bbdad2c3,
title = "Effect of family caregiver oral care training on stroke survivor oral and respiratory health in Taiwan: A randomised controlled trial",
abstract = "Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of home-based oral care training programs on tongue coating (TC), dental plaque (DP), and symptoms of respiratory infection (SRI) in stroke survivors. Methods: A single-blind, randomised, controlled trial conducted in a home-based setting over 2 months. Stroke survivors (n=48, experimental group) and their family caregivers received home-based oral care training programme while a control group of 46 stroke survivors and family caregivers received routine oral care education with swabs. TC, DP, and SRI were assessed at baseline and after one and two months, with results analysed using Mixed Model ANOVA. Results: Poor oral hygiene and overall neglect of home oral care practices were observed at baseline. TC and DP scores were significantly reduced in the experimental group receiving the home-base oral care training program compared to the control group, who received only routine oral care education (P<0.001). The groupxtime interaction was significant, with decreased TC and DP scores for both groups at one month and at two months of additional care (when compared to baseline). The SRI scores were not significantly different between groups (P>0.05). The groupxtime interaction did not correlate with SRI for either group when compared to the baseline and to one month and two months of additional care. No adverse events were encountered and there was no external funding. Conclusions: Home-based oral care training programme had a beneficial effect on oral health as measured by TC and DP scores. The effect on SRI requires further longitudinal study.",
author = "Kuo, {Y. W.} and Miao-Fen Yen and S. Fetzer and Lee, {J. D.} and Chiang, {L. C.}",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1922/CDH_3572Kuo06",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "137--142",
journal = "Community Dental Health",
issn = "0265-539X",
publisher = "FDI World Dental Press Ltd",
number = "3",

}

Effect of family caregiver oral care training on stroke survivor oral and respiratory health in Taiwan : A randomised controlled trial. / Kuo, Y. W.; Yen, Miao-Fen; Fetzer, S.; Lee, J. D.; Chiang, L. C.

In: Community Dental Health, Vol. 32, No. 3, 01.09.2015, p. 137-142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of family caregiver oral care training on stroke survivor oral and respiratory health in Taiwan

T2 - A randomised controlled trial

AU - Kuo, Y. W.

AU - Yen, Miao-Fen

AU - Fetzer, S.

AU - Lee, J. D.

AU - Chiang, L. C.

PY - 2015/9/1

Y1 - 2015/9/1

N2 - Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of home-based oral care training programs on tongue coating (TC), dental plaque (DP), and symptoms of respiratory infection (SRI) in stroke survivors. Methods: A single-blind, randomised, controlled trial conducted in a home-based setting over 2 months. Stroke survivors (n=48, experimental group) and their family caregivers received home-based oral care training programme while a control group of 46 stroke survivors and family caregivers received routine oral care education with swabs. TC, DP, and SRI were assessed at baseline and after one and two months, with results analysed using Mixed Model ANOVA. Results: Poor oral hygiene and overall neglect of home oral care practices were observed at baseline. TC and DP scores were significantly reduced in the experimental group receiving the home-base oral care training program compared to the control group, who received only routine oral care education (P<0.001). The groupxtime interaction was significant, with decreased TC and DP scores for both groups at one month and at two months of additional care (when compared to baseline). The SRI scores were not significantly different between groups (P>0.05). The groupxtime interaction did not correlate with SRI for either group when compared to the baseline and to one month and two months of additional care. No adverse events were encountered and there was no external funding. Conclusions: Home-based oral care training programme had a beneficial effect on oral health as measured by TC and DP scores. The effect on SRI requires further longitudinal study.

AB - Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of home-based oral care training programs on tongue coating (TC), dental plaque (DP), and symptoms of respiratory infection (SRI) in stroke survivors. Methods: A single-blind, randomised, controlled trial conducted in a home-based setting over 2 months. Stroke survivors (n=48, experimental group) and their family caregivers received home-based oral care training programme while a control group of 46 stroke survivors and family caregivers received routine oral care education with swabs. TC, DP, and SRI were assessed at baseline and after one and two months, with results analysed using Mixed Model ANOVA. Results: Poor oral hygiene and overall neglect of home oral care practices were observed at baseline. TC and DP scores were significantly reduced in the experimental group receiving the home-base oral care training program compared to the control group, who received only routine oral care education (P<0.001). The groupxtime interaction was significant, with decreased TC and DP scores for both groups at one month and at two months of additional care (when compared to baseline). The SRI scores were not significantly different between groups (P>0.05). The groupxtime interaction did not correlate with SRI for either group when compared to the baseline and to one month and two months of additional care. No adverse events were encountered and there was no external funding. Conclusions: Home-based oral care training programme had a beneficial effect on oral health as measured by TC and DP scores. The effect on SRI requires further longitudinal study.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84941216104&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84941216104&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1922/CDH_3572Kuo06

DO - 10.1922/CDH_3572Kuo06

M3 - Article

C2 - 26513847

AN - SCOPUS:84941216104

VL - 32

SP - 137

EP - 142

JO - Community Dental Health

JF - Community Dental Health

SN - 0265-539X

IS - 3

ER -