Light supply is one of the most important factors affecting autotrophic growth of microalgae. This study investigated the effect of the type and light intensity of artificial light sources on the cell growth of an indigenous microalga Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 obtained from southern Taiwan. In addition, a dissolved inorganic carbon source (i.e. sodium bicarbonate) was used to improve the biomass production of strain ESP-31. The results show that a new fluorescent light source (TL5) was effective in indoor cultivation of microalgae. Better overall productivity of 0.029 g dry cell weight/L-d was obtained when using TL5 lamps as the light source with a light intensity of 9W/m2. A carbon source (sodium bicarbonate) concentration of 1000 mg/L was found to be optimal for the growth of strain ESP-31 in terms of both biomass production and carbon source utilization. Under the optimal growth conditions, the resulting microalgal biomass consisted of 25-30% protein, 6-10% carbohydrate, and 30-40% lipid.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering