LiCoO2 film and powder applicable to rechargeable lithium microbatteries have been directly prepared at the same time by hydrothermal treatment of a cobalt metal plate in a concentrated LiOH solution. The effect of LiOH concentration (0.1-6 M) on the structural change in film and powder has been examined using the XRD, micro-Raman and SEM analyses. It is found that all the powders with a layered hexagonal structure are precipitated by homogeneous nucleation regardless of LiOH concentration, whereas the dependence of film structure on the concentration is revealed by a selection of phase such as cobalt hydroxide species, hexagonal or cubic spinel phases formed by heterogeneous nucleation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics