Effect of Microelements Addition on the Interfacial Reaction between Sn-Ag-Cu Solders and the Cu Substrate

Chiang Ming Chuang, Kwang Lung Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Three kinds of Sn-Ag-based lead-free solders, Sn-3.5Ag-0.7Cu, Sn-3.5Ag-0.5Cu0.07Ni-0.01Ge, and Sn-3.5Ag-0.07Ni (in wt.%), were selected to explore the effect of microelements (Ni and Ge) on the interfacial reaction between the solder and the Cu substrate. The thickness of the interfacial intermetallics formed with the Sn-3.5Ag-0.5Cu-0.07Ni-0.01Ge and Sn-3.5Ag-0.07Ni solders is several times that of the Sn-3.5Ag-0.7Cu solder. The added microelements converted the feature of interfacial intermetallics from pebble shape to worm shape. However, the results of x-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis suggest that the interfacial intermetallics formed with both solders have the same crystal structure. The results of energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis show that the major interfacial intermetallic formed with the Sn-3.5Ag-0.7Cu solder is Cu6Sn5, while it is (Cu x,Ni1-x)6Sn5 with Sn-3.5Ag-0.5Cu-0.07Ni0.01Ge. Ni influences the interfacial intermetallics and plays the influential role on the difference of interfacial reaction rate between liquid solder and solid Cu and the morphology of interfacial intermetallics. Additionally, the growth kinetics of the interfacial intermetallic compounds (IMCs) formed in the systems of Cu/Sn-3.5Ag-0.7Cu and Cu/Sn-3.5Ag-0.07Ni at high-temperature storage was also explored.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1426-1431
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 2

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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