Effect of open-circuit voltage in organic solar cells based on various electron donor materials by inserting molybdenum trioxide anode buffer layer

Jhong Ciao Ke, Yeong Her Wang, Kan Lin Chen, Chien Jung Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of inserting a molybdenum oxide (MoO3) anode buffer layer into organic solar cells based on various electron donor materials was studied. The device was composed of an indium tin oxide (ITO)/MoO3/donor material/C60/bathocuproine/aluminum structure, and the donor materials were boron subphthalocyanine chloride (SubPc), rubrene, 2-[(7-{4-[N,N-bis(4-methylphenyl)amino]phenyl}-2,1,3-benzothiadiazol-4-yl)methylene]propanedinitrile (DTDCPB) and copper phthalocyanine (CuPc). Inserting a MoO3 buffer layer between ITO and donor layer resulted in the efficiency of device improvement from 1.04% to 2.49%, from 0.27% to 1.01%, and from 0.13% to 1.12% for the donor material of SubPc, rubrene, and DTDCPB, respectively. The result was ascribed to a greatly enhancement of open-circuit voltage (Voc), which originated from the work function improvement of ITO by covering MoO3 layer. However, the function of MoO3 was not evident in the device using CuPc as donor material. The interaction between MoO3 and CuPc was detected using UV-visible absorption and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The electron transfer between MoO3 and CuPc caused the formation of an interface state at the MoO3/CuPc interface, resulting in Fermi-level pinning at the interface. Consequently, the efficiency of the CuPc/C60 heterojunction device cannot be improved by inserting a MoO3 anode buffer layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-254
Number of pages7
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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