Effect of passivation on the dissolution behavior of Ti6A14V and vacuum-brazed Ti6A14V in Hank's ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid solution part I Ion release

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Abstract

This work aims to investigate the effects of three factors, namely: (1) two differently prepared materials (as-polished Ti6A14V and 2 h brazed Ti6A14V); (2) three different surface passivation treatments (34% nitric acid passivation, 400°C heated in air, and aged in 100°C de-ionized water); and (3) periods of immersion time (up to 32 days), on trace element release in Hank's ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) solution. After passivation and autoclaving treatment, the specimens were immersed in 8.0 mM EDTA in Hank's solution and maintained at 37°C for periods of time up to 32 days. The 400°C-treated specimens exhibit a substantial reduction in constituent release, which may be attributed to the higher thickness and rutile structure of the surface oxides. For acid-passivated and water-aged treatments, a highly significant decrease in the trace levels of Ti, A1, and V is detected from the brazed Ti6A14V compared to those obtained from the Ti6A14V specimens. It is hypothesized that an anatase-rutile transformation of surface TiO2 is likely to occur, accelerated by the elements of copper and nickel in the brazed specimens. In addition, a significant time-related decrease in constituent release rate is observed for all kinds of specimens throughout the 0-8 day experimental period. The implication of the results is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-548
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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