The effect of the imide unit on the isothermal and non-isothermal crystallization, kinetics crystallization of a new family of copoly(ethylene terephthalate-imides) (called copolyesterimides or PETIs) was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry. With a combined Avrami and Ozawa equation, one can describe the non-isothermal crystallization process of copolyesterimides, and the results show the same tendency as that in the isothermal crystallization process. These studies show that the processes of crystal nucleation and growth result in mainly three-dimensional growth with a thermal nucleation. In both isothermal and non-isothermal crystallization processes, the crystallization rate of PETIs, with imide content below 0.5%, is higher than that of neat PET, while PETI-3 (0.3 mol% imide) has the highest crystallization rate. This rate is significantly enhanced over PET homopolymer. It is proposed that imide units precipitate from the melt and act as nucleating agents during the crystallization process of these novel copolyesterimides.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry