Effect of silica particle size in cellulose membrane for desalination process

Siti Nurkhamidah, Yeni Rahmawati, Fadlilatul Taufany, I. Made Pendi Adi Merta, Deffry Danius Dwi Putra, Eamor Woo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Development of desalination technologies is very important for fulfilling future water demand. The objective of this research is to synthesis membrane for desalination process from cellulose acetate (CA) by blending with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and silica resulting CA/PEG/Silica composite membrane. In this study, the synthesis and characterization of composite membrane is attempt where membrane performance is investigated for reverse osmosis desalination of saline water. CA/PEG membrane with ratio 80/20 (wt%) was modified with three different particle sizes of silica: 0.007, 0.02, and 60 μm. Composite membranes were characterized for their hydrophilicity, functional groups and permeation properties. The experiment results show that hydrophilicity of CA/PEG membrane increases after the addition of silica as shown by the decreasing of contact angle and the increasing of silanol group. Hydrophilicity of composite membrane increases with the decreasing of particle size of silica. The best performance membrane is obtained by using silica with particle size of 0.02 μm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering, ICCME 2015
Subtitle of host publicationGreen Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes
EditorsFerry Iskandar, Hadiyanto, Arief Budiman, Hadi Nur, Suryadi Ismadji
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413467
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 29
Event2nd International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes, ICCME 2015 - Semarang, Indonesia
Duration: 2015 Sep 292015 Sep 30

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1699
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other2nd International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes, ICCME 2015
CountryIndonesia
CitySemarang
Period15-09-2915-09-30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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