Effect of silica particle size in cellulose membrane for desalination process

Siti Nurkhamidah, Yeni Rahmawati, Fadlilatul Taufany, I. Made Pendi Adi Merta, Deffry Danius Dwi Putra, Eamor Woo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Development of desalination technologies is very important for fulfilling future water demand. The objective of this research is to synthesis membrane for desalination process from cellulose acetate (CA) by blending with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and silica resulting CA/PEG/Silica composite membrane. In this study, the synthesis and characterization of composite membrane is attempt where membrane performance is investigated for reverse osmosis desalination of saline water. CA/PEG membrane with ratio 80/20 (wt%) was modified with three different particle sizes of silica: 0.007, 0.02, and 60 μm. Composite membranes were characterized for their hydrophilicity, functional groups and permeation properties. The experiment results show that hydrophilicity of CA/PEG membrane increases after the addition of silica as shown by the decreasing of contact angle and the increasing of silanol group. Hydrophilicity of composite membrane increases with the decreasing of particle size of silica. The best performance membrane is obtained by using silica with particle size of 0.02 μm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering, ICCME 2015
Subtitle of host publicationGreen Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes
EditorsFerry Iskandar, Hadiyanto, Arief Budiman, Hadi Nur, Suryadi Ismadji
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413467
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 29
Event2nd International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes, ICCME 2015 - Semarang, Indonesia
Duration: 2015 Sep 292015 Sep 30

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1699
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other2nd International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes, ICCME 2015
CountryIndonesia
CitySemarang
Period15-09-2915-09-30

Fingerprint

cellulose
silicon dioxide
membranes
glycols
polyethylenes
acetates
composite materials
reverse osmosis
synthesis
water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Nurkhamidah, S., Rahmawati, Y., Taufany, F., Merta, I. M. P. A., Putra, D. D. D., & Woo, E. (2015). Effect of silica particle size in cellulose membrane for desalination process. In F. Iskandar, Hadiyanto, A. Budiman, H. Nur, & S. Ismadji (Eds.), International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering, ICCME 2015: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes [060019] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1699). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4938373
Nurkhamidah, Siti ; Rahmawati, Yeni ; Taufany, Fadlilatul ; Merta, I. Made Pendi Adi ; Putra, Deffry Danius Dwi ; Woo, Eamor. / Effect of silica particle size in cellulose membrane for desalination process. International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering, ICCME 2015: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes. editor / Ferry Iskandar ; Hadiyanto ; Arief Budiman ; Hadi Nur ; Suryadi Ismadji. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "Development of desalination technologies is very important for fulfilling future water demand. The objective of this research is to synthesis membrane for desalination process from cellulose acetate (CA) by blending with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and silica resulting CA/PEG/Silica composite membrane. In this study, the synthesis and characterization of composite membrane is attempt where membrane performance is investigated for reverse osmosis desalination of saline water. CA/PEG membrane with ratio 80/20 (wt{\%}) was modified with three different particle sizes of silica: 0.007, 0.02, and 60 μm. Composite membranes were characterized for their hydrophilicity, functional groups and permeation properties. The experiment results show that hydrophilicity of CA/PEG membrane increases after the addition of silica as shown by the decreasing of contact angle and the increasing of silanol group. Hydrophilicity of composite membrane increases with the decreasing of particle size of silica. The best performance membrane is obtained by using silica with particle size of 0.02 μm.",
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Nurkhamidah, S, Rahmawati, Y, Taufany, F, Merta, IMPA, Putra, DDD & Woo, E 2015, Effect of silica particle size in cellulose membrane for desalination process. in F Iskandar, Hadiyanto, A Budiman, H Nur & S Ismadji (eds), International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering, ICCME 2015: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes., 060019, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1699, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2nd International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes, ICCME 2015, Semarang, Indonesia, 15-09-29. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4938373

Effect of silica particle size in cellulose membrane for desalination process. / Nurkhamidah, Siti; Rahmawati, Yeni; Taufany, Fadlilatul; Merta, I. Made Pendi Adi; Putra, Deffry Danius Dwi; Woo, Eamor.

International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering, ICCME 2015: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes. ed. / Ferry Iskandar; Hadiyanto; Arief Budiman; Hadi Nur; Suryadi Ismadji. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015. 060019 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1699).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Effect of silica particle size in cellulose membrane for desalination process

AU - Nurkhamidah, Siti

AU - Rahmawati, Yeni

AU - Taufany, Fadlilatul

AU - Merta, I. Made Pendi Adi

AU - Putra, Deffry Danius Dwi

AU - Woo, Eamor

PY - 2015/12/29

Y1 - 2015/12/29

N2 - Development of desalination technologies is very important for fulfilling future water demand. The objective of this research is to synthesis membrane for desalination process from cellulose acetate (CA) by blending with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and silica resulting CA/PEG/Silica composite membrane. In this study, the synthesis and characterization of composite membrane is attempt where membrane performance is investigated for reverse osmosis desalination of saline water. CA/PEG membrane with ratio 80/20 (wt%) was modified with three different particle sizes of silica: 0.007, 0.02, and 60 μm. Composite membranes were characterized for their hydrophilicity, functional groups and permeation properties. The experiment results show that hydrophilicity of CA/PEG membrane increases after the addition of silica as shown by the decreasing of contact angle and the increasing of silanol group. Hydrophilicity of composite membrane increases with the decreasing of particle size of silica. The best performance membrane is obtained by using silica with particle size of 0.02 μm.

AB - Development of desalination technologies is very important for fulfilling future water demand. The objective of this research is to synthesis membrane for desalination process from cellulose acetate (CA) by blending with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and silica resulting CA/PEG/Silica composite membrane. In this study, the synthesis and characterization of composite membrane is attempt where membrane performance is investigated for reverse osmosis desalination of saline water. CA/PEG membrane with ratio 80/20 (wt%) was modified with three different particle sizes of silica: 0.007, 0.02, and 60 μm. Composite membranes were characterized for their hydrophilicity, functional groups and permeation properties. The experiment results show that hydrophilicity of CA/PEG membrane increases after the addition of silica as shown by the decreasing of contact angle and the increasing of silanol group. Hydrophilicity of composite membrane increases with the decreasing of particle size of silica. The best performance membrane is obtained by using silica with particle size of 0.02 μm.

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M3 - Conference contribution

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A2 - Hadiyanto, null

A2 - Budiman, Arief

A2 - Nur, Hadi

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PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -

Nurkhamidah S, Rahmawati Y, Taufany F, Merta IMPA, Putra DDD, Woo E. Effect of silica particle size in cellulose membrane for desalination process. In Iskandar F, Hadiyanto, Budiman A, Nur H, Ismadji S, editors, International Conference of Chemical and Material Engineering, ICCME 2015: Green Technology for Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2015. 060019. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4938373