Effect of sinusoidal-wavy channel of reformer on power of proton exchange membrane fuel cell

Shiang Wuu Perng, Horng-Wen Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The methanol steam reactor (MSR) combined with proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells is regarded as an optimistic miniature power source. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are performed to acquire the reforming performance of the MSR with the sinusoidal-wavy channels. The objective of this CFD study is to examine how the wavelength and amplitude of sinusoidal-wavy channel enhance the hydrogen gain and estimated net power of PEM fuel cell under different wall temperatures. The numerical results are also verified by experimental data. The results exhibit that the sinusoidal-wavy channel obviously enhances the reforming performance and the estimated net power of PEM fuel cell since it produces the blockage and trapping effects on the reacting gas to supply more reforming fuel to the catalyst layer and prolong the reacting residence time for enhancing catalytic reaction. In addition, the estimated PEMFC net power and methanol reformation are improved while the wall temperature rises because the higher wall temperature results in the greater catalytic reaction rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114269
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume162
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 5

Fingerprint

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Reforming reactions
Methanol
Computational fluid dynamics
Steam
Temperature
Reaction rates
Wavelength
Hydrogen
Catalysts
Computer simulation
Gases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Effect of sinusoidal-wavy channel of reformer on power of proton exchange membrane fuel cell",
abstract = "The methanol steam reactor (MSR) combined with proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells is regarded as an optimistic miniature power source. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are performed to acquire the reforming performance of the MSR with the sinusoidal-wavy channels. The objective of this CFD study is to examine how the wavelength and amplitude of sinusoidal-wavy channel enhance the hydrogen gain and estimated net power of PEM fuel cell under different wall temperatures. The numerical results are also verified by experimental data. The results exhibit that the sinusoidal-wavy channel obviously enhances the reforming performance and the estimated net power of PEM fuel cell since it produces the blockage and trapping effects on the reacting gas to supply more reforming fuel to the catalyst layer and prolong the reacting residence time for enhancing catalytic reaction. In addition, the estimated PEMFC net power and methanol reformation are improved while the wall temperature rises because the higher wall temperature results in the greater catalytic reaction rate.",
author = "Perng, {Shiang Wuu} and Horng-Wen Wu",
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Effect of sinusoidal-wavy channel of reformer on power of proton exchange membrane fuel cell. / Perng, Shiang Wuu; Wu, Horng-Wen.

In: Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 162, 114269, 05.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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