Effect of the Method Detection Limit on the Health Risk Assessment of Ambient Hazardous Air Pollutants in an Urban Industrial Complex Area

Jiun Horng Tsai, Tzu Lin Hung, Vivien How, Hung Lung Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) significantly impacted environmental air quality and were widely studied to determine human health risks. Kaohsiung is Taiwan’s second-largest city, known for its heavily industrialized and densely populated development. The Linhai industrial park, located in this region, contains roughly 500 industrial facilities that contributed to the emission of HAPs. The purpose of this study was to identify the volatile organic compound (VOCs) and particulate matter (PM)-bounded heavy metals and to examine the effects of the method detection limit (MDL) for analyzed species and the sampling program on health risk assessments. This study identified formaldehyde, 1,2-dichloroethane, acetaldehyde, benzene, and vinyl chloride. As, ethylbenzene, Ni, Cr(VI), Cd, Pb, and 1,3-butadiene were defined as high-risk species and VOCs accounted for more than 95% of respiratory-related health risks, this study proposes that the MDL for analysis methods and the sampling frequency for different species (and the species of interest) would eventually affect the results of health risk assessments. In other words, the current control strategies for reducing health risks may be ineffective. This research output can be used to comprehend the effects of MDL on the health risk assessments of HAPs better while also providing a reliable method to determine the major sources of air pollutants in urban industrial areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1426
JournalAtmosphere
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Sept

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

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