Effect of the number of suture throws on the biomechanical characteristics of the suture-tendon construct

Chih Kai Hong, Cheng-Li Lin, Chih Hsun Chang, I. Ming Jou, Wei-Ren Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to investigate the effect of the number of suture throws on biomechanical characteristics of the suture-tendon construct for 3 currently used suture configurations in this ex vivo biomechanical study. Methods: Three stitch configurations - the Krackow stitch, the locking SpeedWhip (LSW) stitch, and the modified finger trap (MFT) suture - were assessed with 3, 5, and 7 throws using porcine flexor profundus tendons randomly divided into 9 groups of 11 specimens. The Krackow stitch and MFT suture were completed with nonabsorbable No. 2 braided sutures, whereas the LSW stitch was completed with loops of nonabsorbable No. 2 braided sutures. Each tendon was pretensioned to 100 N for 3 cycles and then cyclically loaded to 200 N for 200 cycles. Finally, each tendon was loaded to failure. Percent elongation, load to failure, and mode of failure for each suture-tendon construct were measured. Results: After being pretensioned, there were no significant differences in the elongation between different suture throws in the LSW and MFT suture groups (P = .38 and P = .34, respectively). The elongation of the Krackow 7-throw suture group was significantly greater than that of the 5-throw (P = .01) and 3-throw groups (P = .03). After cyclic loading, there was no significant difference in the elongation of each suture technique with respect to different suture throws. The elongation after 200 loading cycles of the MFT sutures was significantly less than that of the Krackow and LSW sutures for all throws. The load to failure and crosssectional area (43.1 ± 4.6 mm2; P = .398) were not significantly different across all groups. Conclusions: This ex vivo biomechanical study showed that there are no significant differences in elongation after cyclic loading and load to failure among the various suture throws for the 3 types of sutures investigated. Clinical Relevance: The 3-suture throw configuration may provide sufficient fixation of the tendon graft regarding biomechanical characteristics of elongation and load to failure in the clinical setting of tendon docking without interference screw fixation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1609-1615
Number of pages7
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume30
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Tendons
Sutures
Fingers
Suture Techniques

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

@article{2bca8386f26844f28da408fae69676a0,
title = "Effect of the number of suture throws on the biomechanical characteristics of the suture-tendon construct",
abstract = "Purpose: We aimed to investigate the effect of the number of suture throws on biomechanical characteristics of the suture-tendon construct for 3 currently used suture configurations in this ex vivo biomechanical study. Methods: Three stitch configurations - the Krackow stitch, the locking SpeedWhip (LSW) stitch, and the modified finger trap (MFT) suture - were assessed with 3, 5, and 7 throws using porcine flexor profundus tendons randomly divided into 9 groups of 11 specimens. The Krackow stitch and MFT suture were completed with nonabsorbable No. 2 braided sutures, whereas the LSW stitch was completed with loops of nonabsorbable No. 2 braided sutures. Each tendon was pretensioned to 100 N for 3 cycles and then cyclically loaded to 200 N for 200 cycles. Finally, each tendon was loaded to failure. Percent elongation, load to failure, and mode of failure for each suture-tendon construct were measured. Results: After being pretensioned, there were no significant differences in the elongation between different suture throws in the LSW and MFT suture groups (P = .38 and P = .34, respectively). The elongation of the Krackow 7-throw suture group was significantly greater than that of the 5-throw (P = .01) and 3-throw groups (P = .03). After cyclic loading, there was no significant difference in the elongation of each suture technique with respect to different suture throws. The elongation after 200 loading cycles of the MFT sutures was significantly less than that of the Krackow and LSW sutures for all throws. The load to failure and crosssectional area (43.1 ± 4.6 mm2; P = .398) were not significantly different across all groups. Conclusions: This ex vivo biomechanical study showed that there are no significant differences in elongation after cyclic loading and load to failure among the various suture throws for the 3 types of sutures investigated. Clinical Relevance: The 3-suture throw configuration may provide sufficient fixation of the tendon graft regarding biomechanical characteristics of elongation and load to failure in the clinical setting of tendon docking without interference screw fixation.",
author = "Hong, {Chih Kai} and Cheng-Li Lin and Chang, {Chih Hsun} and Jou, {I. Ming} and Wei-Ren Su",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.arthro.2014.06.029",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "1609--1615",
journal = "Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery",
issn = "0749-8063",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "12",

}

Effect of the number of suture throws on the biomechanical characteristics of the suture-tendon construct. / Hong, Chih Kai; Lin, Cheng-Li; Chang, Chih Hsun; Jou, I. Ming; Su, Wei-Ren.

In: Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, Vol. 30, No. 12, 01.01.2014, p. 1609-1615.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of the number of suture throws on the biomechanical characteristics of the suture-tendon construct

AU - Hong, Chih Kai

AU - Lin, Cheng-Li

AU - Chang, Chih Hsun

AU - Jou, I. Ming

AU - Su, Wei-Ren

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Purpose: We aimed to investigate the effect of the number of suture throws on biomechanical characteristics of the suture-tendon construct for 3 currently used suture configurations in this ex vivo biomechanical study. Methods: Three stitch configurations - the Krackow stitch, the locking SpeedWhip (LSW) stitch, and the modified finger trap (MFT) suture - were assessed with 3, 5, and 7 throws using porcine flexor profundus tendons randomly divided into 9 groups of 11 specimens. The Krackow stitch and MFT suture were completed with nonabsorbable No. 2 braided sutures, whereas the LSW stitch was completed with loops of nonabsorbable No. 2 braided sutures. Each tendon was pretensioned to 100 N for 3 cycles and then cyclically loaded to 200 N for 200 cycles. Finally, each tendon was loaded to failure. Percent elongation, load to failure, and mode of failure for each suture-tendon construct were measured. Results: After being pretensioned, there were no significant differences in the elongation between different suture throws in the LSW and MFT suture groups (P = .38 and P = .34, respectively). The elongation of the Krackow 7-throw suture group was significantly greater than that of the 5-throw (P = .01) and 3-throw groups (P = .03). After cyclic loading, there was no significant difference in the elongation of each suture technique with respect to different suture throws. The elongation after 200 loading cycles of the MFT sutures was significantly less than that of the Krackow and LSW sutures for all throws. The load to failure and crosssectional area (43.1 ± 4.6 mm2; P = .398) were not significantly different across all groups. Conclusions: This ex vivo biomechanical study showed that there are no significant differences in elongation after cyclic loading and load to failure among the various suture throws for the 3 types of sutures investigated. Clinical Relevance: The 3-suture throw configuration may provide sufficient fixation of the tendon graft regarding biomechanical characteristics of elongation and load to failure in the clinical setting of tendon docking without interference screw fixation.

AB - Purpose: We aimed to investigate the effect of the number of suture throws on biomechanical characteristics of the suture-tendon construct for 3 currently used suture configurations in this ex vivo biomechanical study. Methods: Three stitch configurations - the Krackow stitch, the locking SpeedWhip (LSW) stitch, and the modified finger trap (MFT) suture - were assessed with 3, 5, and 7 throws using porcine flexor profundus tendons randomly divided into 9 groups of 11 specimens. The Krackow stitch and MFT suture were completed with nonabsorbable No. 2 braided sutures, whereas the LSW stitch was completed with loops of nonabsorbable No. 2 braided sutures. Each tendon was pretensioned to 100 N for 3 cycles and then cyclically loaded to 200 N for 200 cycles. Finally, each tendon was loaded to failure. Percent elongation, load to failure, and mode of failure for each suture-tendon construct were measured. Results: After being pretensioned, there were no significant differences in the elongation between different suture throws in the LSW and MFT suture groups (P = .38 and P = .34, respectively). The elongation of the Krackow 7-throw suture group was significantly greater than that of the 5-throw (P = .01) and 3-throw groups (P = .03). After cyclic loading, there was no significant difference in the elongation of each suture technique with respect to different suture throws. The elongation after 200 loading cycles of the MFT sutures was significantly less than that of the Krackow and LSW sutures for all throws. The load to failure and crosssectional area (43.1 ± 4.6 mm2; P = .398) were not significantly different across all groups. Conclusions: This ex vivo biomechanical study showed that there are no significant differences in elongation after cyclic loading and load to failure among the various suture throws for the 3 types of sutures investigated. Clinical Relevance: The 3-suture throw configuration may provide sufficient fixation of the tendon graft regarding biomechanical characteristics of elongation and load to failure in the clinical setting of tendon docking without interference screw fixation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84927687723&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84927687723&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.arthro.2014.06.029

DO - 10.1016/j.arthro.2014.06.029

M3 - Article

C2 - 25174535

AN - SCOPUS:84927687723

VL - 30

SP - 1609

EP - 1615

JO - Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery

JF - Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery

SN - 0749-8063

IS - 12

ER -