Effectiveness and Safety of Intra-arterial Imipenem/Cilastatin Sodium Infusion for Patients with Hand Osteoarthritis–Related Interphalangeal Joint Pain

Keng Wei Liang, Bow Wang, Hsin Hui Huang, Teng Fu Tsao, Yeu Sheng Tyan, Po Hui Wang

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of intra-arterial imipenem/cilastatin sodium (IPM/CS) infusion for painful interphalangeal joint osteoarthritis (OA). Materials and Methods: Fifty-eight patients with interphalangeal joint OA who underwent intra-arterial IPM/CS infusion were retrospectively evaluated. Intra-arterial infusions were performed via percutaneous wrist arterial access. The Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Functional Index for Hand Osteoarthritis (FIHOA), and Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) scale scores were assessed at intervals of 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months. Clinical success was evaluated based on PGIC. Results: All patients were followed up for at least 6 months after treatment. Of them, 30 and 6 patients were followed up for 12 and 18 months, respectively. No severe or life-threatening adverse events were encountered. The mean NRS score was 6.0 ± 1.4 at baseline, which significantly decreased to 2.8 ± 1.4, 2.2 ± 1.9, and 2.4 ± 1.9 at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment, respectively (all P <.001). The mean NRS scores were 2.8 ± 1.7 and 2.9 ± 1.9 at 12 and 18 months, respectively, in the remaining patients. The mean FIHOA score significantly decreased from 9.8 ± 5.0 at the baseline to 4.1 ± 3.5 at 3 months (P <.001). The mean FIHOA score was 4.5 ± 3.3 at 12 months in the remaining 30 patients. The clinical success rates based on PGIC at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months were 62.1%, 77.6%, 70.7%, 63.4%, and 50.0%, respectively. Conclusions: Intra-arterial IPM/CS infusion is a potential treatment option for interphalangeal joint OA refractory to medical management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1485-1492.e1
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Sept

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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