Columbianadin (CBN) is a bioactive coumarin-type compound with various biological activities. However, the action of CBN on the ionic mechanism remains largely uncertain, albeit it was reported to inhibit voltage-gated Ca2+ current or to modulate TRP-channel activity. In this study, whole-cell patch-clamp current recordings were undertaken to explore the modifications of CBN or other related compounds on ionic currents in excitable cells (e.g., pituitary GH3 cells and HL-1 atrial cardiomyocytes). GH3-cell exposure to CBN differentially decreased peak or late com-ponent of voltage-gated Na+ current (INa) with effective IC50 of 14.7 or 2.8 µM, respectively. The in-activation time course of INa activated by short depolarization became fastened in the presence of CBN with estimated KD value of 3.15 µM. The peak INa diminished by 10 µM CBN was further suppressed by subsequent addition of either sesamin (10 µM), ranolazine (10 µM), or tetrodotoxin (1 µM), but it was reversed by 10 µM tefluthrin (Tef); however, further application of 10 µM nimodi-pine failed to alter CBN-mediated inhibition of INa. CBN (10 µM) shifted the midpoint of inactivation curve of INa to the leftward direction. The CBN-mediated inhibition of peak INa exhibited tonic and use-dependent characteristics. Using triangular ramp pulse, the hysteresis of persistent INa en-hanced by Tef was noticed, and the behavior was attenuated by subsequent addition of CBN. The delayed-rectifier or erg-mediated K+ current was mildly inhibited by 10 µM CBN, while it also slightly inhibited the amplitude of hyperpolarization-activated cation current. In HL-1 atrial cardi-omyocytes, CBN inhibited peak INa and raised the inactivation rate of the current; moreover, further application of 10 µM Tef attenuated CBN-mediated decrease in INa. Collectively, this study provides an important yet unidentified finding revealing that CBN modifies INa in electrically excitable cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry