Effects of a Web-Based Antenatal Care System on Maternal Stress and Self-Efficacy During Pregnancy: A Study in Taiwan

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Abstract

Introduction: Women may experience significant stress during pregnancy, and antenatal care and education provide a means to address this. E-health, the use of computer and information technology for health care, has been incorporated into antenatal care and education, but e-health has not been evaluated for its usefulness in addressing stress. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a web-based antenatal care and education system on pregnancy-related stress, general self-efficacy, and satisfaction with antenatal care. Methods: A quasi-experimental design enrolled pregnant women at 16 to 24 weeks’ gestation with a low-risk pregnancy. Women in the control group (n = 67) received routine antenatal care; women in the experimental group (n = 68) also received a web-based antenatal care and education program in the second trimester. Pregnancy stress and general self-efficacy were assessed at study entry and again at 36 to 38 weeks’ gestation; satisfaction with care was assessed at the study endpoint. Results: When the pretest scores were controlled, the women in the experimental group reported significantly lower pregnancy-related stress (F = 12.9, P <.001) and significantly higher self-efficacy (F = 17.61, P <.001) than did the women in the control group. Women in the experimental group reported lower pregnancy-related stress (t = 5.09, P <.001) and a higher general self-efficacy (t = −3.17, P =.001) at posttest compared to pretest. However, the women in the control group reported a lower general self-efficacy at posttest compared to pretest (t = 2.86, P =.006). Women in the experimental group reported significantly higher satisfaction levels with antenatal care than those in the control group. Discussion: A web-based antenatal care and education system can improve pregnancy-related stress and general self-efficacy among pregnant women. Integrating health care with web-based or internet-based interventions may improve the quality of antenatal care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-213
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Midwifery and Women's Health
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Maternity and Midwifery

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