Effects of acute resistance exercise on cognition in late middle-aged adults: General or specific cognitive improvement?

Yu Kai Chang, Chia Liang Tsai, Chi Chang Huang, Chun Chih Wang, I. Hua Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of acute resistance exercise on multiple cognitive measures in late middle-aged adults and to address the question of whether general or selective cognitive improvements occur. Design: A counterbalanced repeated-measures experimental design. Methods: Thirty adults (mean age. = 58.1. ±. 3.0 years) were administered five different Stroop test conditions before and after a single bout of resistance exercise and after a no-treatment control. The resistance exercise protocol involved two sets of seven exercises performed at 70% of a 10-repetition maximum, with 30 and 60. s between each set and each exercise, respectively. Results: The exercise treatment resulted in significantly enhanced performance across all Stroop conditions when compared with the control (p< .001). Furthermore, the effect of the exercise treatment on Stroop incongruent performance corresponded to the largest positive influence compared to the performance observed under the other four Stroop test conditions. Conclusions: These findings extend the current knowledge base by demonstrating that acute resistance exercise facilitates general cognition but has a more beneficial effect on cognition that involves executive control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-55
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this