Effects of Al, Pr additions on the wettability and interfacial reaction of Zn–25Sn solder on Cu substrate

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Abstract

Zn–25Sn alloy suffers from easy oxidation during soldering. This study investigated the feasibility of Al and rare earth Pr addition for enhancing the wettability of the Zn–25Sn solder. The wettability and interfacial reaction of Zn–25Sn, Zn–25Sn–0.05Al, Zn–25Sn–0.05Al–XPr (X = 0.01, 0.05, 0.08, 0.15 wt%) on Cu substrate were investigated. The additions of 0.05 wt% Al in Zn–25Sn and 0.01, 0.05 wt% Pr in Zn–25Sn–0.05Al enhanced the wettability of solders and depressed the growth of intermetallic compounds. However, the additions of 0.08, 0.15 wt% Pr in Zn–25Sn–0.05Al degraded the wettability and enhanced the growth of the intermetallic compound. Pr and Al were shown to accumulate at the surface of solders and the interfaces between solder and substrate by the Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscope and Transmission Electron Microscopy. The phases PrZn3, Pr3Sn5 and (Cu, Al)4Zn were formed at the solder/substrate interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-113
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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