This article demonstrates an elegant approach for the fabrication of high heat-stable PLA using an industrially viable technique i.e. melt extrusion, which is quite challenging due to the higher viscosity of poly(lactic acid) melt. scPLA has been fabricated by melt extrusion of PLLA/PDLA using nano-amphiphilic chitosan (modified chitosan, MCH) which has been synthesized by grafting chitosan with oligomeric PLA via insitu polycondensation of L-lactic acid that possibly increases the molecular surface area and transforms it into nano-amphiphilic morphology and in turn lead to the formation of stereocomplex crystallites. The effect of MCH loading on the structural, morphological, mechanical and thermal properties of PLLA/PDLA have been investigated. The modification of chitosan and formation of stereocomplexation in PLA has been confirmed by FTIR and XRD techniques, respectively. Heat treatment has also laid a significant effect on the stereocomplexation and the degree of crystallinity of stereocomplex crystallites has been increased to ∼70% for 1.5 wt % MCH content with the absence of homocrystals. The heat deflection temperature is found to be more than 140 °C for the biocomposite with 1.5% MCH in comparison to ∼70 °C for pristine scPLA. The biocomposites display significant improvement in UTS and Young's modulus.
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