Effects of bipyridylium compounds on calcium release from triadic vesicles isolated from rabbit skeletal muscle

J. J. Kang, K. S. Hsu, S. Y. Lin‐Shiau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of 1,1′‐diheptyl‐4,4′‐bipyridinium dibromide (DHBP), a viologen for electrochromic memory display agent, on calcium release and ryanodine binding were studied with triad‐rich sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) vesicles isolated from rabbit skeletal muscle. DHBP inhibited the calcium release induced by 2 mM caffeine and 2 μg ml−1 polylysine with an IC50 value of 5 μg ml−1 and 4 μg ml−1 respectively. DHBP inhibited [3H]‐ryanodine binding in a dose‐dependent manner with an IC50 of 2.5 μg ml−1 and 90–100% inhibition at 20–30 μg ml−1. Calcium uptake by SR was inhibited in the presence of caffeine and this inhibition was antagonized by concomitant addition of DHBP. The effect of DHBP on muscle twitches was studied on the mouse diaphragm. Muscle twitches elicited by direct electrical muscle stimulation and contractions induced by either 10 mM caffeine or 1 μm ryanodine were blocked by pretreatment with DHBP. Data from this study provided evidence that DHBP blocked the calcium release from SR by direct interaction with the calcium release channel, also known as the ryanodine receptor. A possible use of this agent as a specific inhibitor for calcium release and as a muscle relaxant was suggested. 1994 British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1216-1222
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume112
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

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