Effects of Cd vacancies and unconventional spin dynamics in the Dirac semimetal Cd3As2

Dimitrios Koumoulis, Robert E. Taylor, Jeffrey McCormick, Yavuz N. Ertas, Lei Pan, Xiaoyu Che, Kang L. Wang, Louis S. Bouchard

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Cd3As2 is a Dirac semimetal that is a 3D analog of graphene. We investigated the local structure and nuclear-spin dynamics in Cd3As2 via 113Cd NMR. The wideline spectrum of the static sample at 295 K is asymmetric and its features are well described by a two-site model with the shielding parameters extracted via Herzfeld-Berger analysis of the magic-angle spinning spectrum. Surprisingly, the 113Cd spin-lattice relaxation time (T1) is extremely long (T1 = 95 s at 295 K), in stark contrast to conductors and the effects of native defects upon semiconductors; but it is similar to that of 13C in graphene (T1 = 110 s). The temperature dependence of 1/T1 revealed a complex bipartite mechanism that included a T2 power-law behavior below 330 K and a thermally activated process above 330 K. In the high-temperature regime, the Arrhenius behavior is consistent with a field-dependent Cd atomic hopping relaxation process. At low temperatures, a T2 behavior consistent with a spin-1/2 Raman-like process provides evidence of a time-dependent spin-rotation magnetic field caused by angular oscillations of internuclear vectors due to lattice vibrations. The observed mechanism does not conform to the conventional two-band model of semimetals, but is instead closer to a mechanism observed in high-Z element ionic solids with large magnetorotation constant [A. J. Vega et al., Phys. Rev. B 74, 214420 (2006)].

Original languageEnglish
Article number084706
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 28

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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