This study aimed to evaluate the effects of copper on N-methylformamide (NMF)- and methyl diglycol (MDG)-containing wastewater treatment using batch experiments and a lab-scale anoxic–oxic (A/O) sequencing batch reactor (SBR). Batch experimental results indicated that aerobic degradation of NMF followed Monod-type kinetics. Copper inhibition on nitrification also followed Monod-type inhibition kinetics with copper-to-biomass ratio instead of copper concentration. Specific degradation rates of NMF and MDG under both aerobic and anoxic conditions decreased in the matrix of full-scale wastewater, and high copper dosage would further reduce the degradation rates. In the long-term presence of 0.5 mg/L copper, the A/O SBR could maintain stable and complete degradations of NMF and MDG, 95% of COD removal, and more than 50% of total nitrogen (TN) removal. High concentrations of copper spikes, including 40 mg/L and 110 mg/L, slowed down degradation rates for both NMF and MDG, but did not affect COD and TN removal efficiencies in the full 24 h-cycle operation. The long-term A/O SBR operation revealed that daily dosage of 0.5 mg/L copper was not detrimental to NMF/MDG degradations due to regularly wasting sludge, but 110 mg/L of copper spike obviously reduced NMF/MDG degradation rate although it could be recovered later by regularly wasting sludge and maintaining SRT at 20 days.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis