Effects of dexamethasone and sex hormones on cytokine-induced cellular adhesion molecule expression in human endothelial cells

Wen Chieh Chen, J. Yu Yun Lee, Wen Chuan Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cause or mechanism of the female predisposition in systemic lupus erythematosus and progressive systemic sclerosis is largely unknown. Accumulating evidence shows that dysfunction or activation of endothelial cells plays an important role in these conditions. In this study, we investigated the influence of various steroid hormones on the IL-1β (50 U/mL)/TNF-α (50 U/mL) stimulated human dermal microvascular endothelial cell line (HMEC-1) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Dexamethasone showed significant inhibition of cytokine-induced ICAM-1 expression in HMEC-1, and E-selectin, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expressions in HUVEC. Androgens, especially dihydrotestosterone had a small, but statistically significant suppressive effect in HMEC-1 only. Estrogen exhibited no regulatory function in either cell line. No obvious expression of estrogen and androgen receptors could be demonstrated in either cell by immunostaining. Our study provided some pharmacological evidence that the superior anti-inflammatory effect of glucocorticoids on vasculitis was partly due to their inhibition of the CAM expression in endothelial cells. More studies are needed to determine if androgens could have a protective effect in vasculitis or vasculopathy associated with connective tissue diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-448
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Dermatology
Volume12
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of dexamethasone and sex hormones on cytokine-induced cellular adhesion molecule expression in human endothelial cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this