Effects of dopant on the dielectric properties of CaZrO3 ceramic sintered in a reducing atmosphere

Wen-Shi Lee, C. Y. Su, Y. C. Lee, S. P. Lin, Tony Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the influence of CaZrO3 doped with three dopants, SiO2, MnO, and Nb2O5, and then sintered in a reducing atmosphere on microstructure, phase formation, and electrical properties is investigated. SiO2 plays the role of sintering aid to enhance the density of CaZrO3 leading to better performance of electrical properties as a function of SiO2 content. MnO, and Nb 2O5 were incorporated into the Zr-site of CaZrO 3 to make stoichometric CaZrO3 into non-stoichiometric CaZrO3 with Zr excess resulting in the formation of a second phase, CaZr4O9, which has a lower dielectric constant (13) in comparison with that of the main phase of CaZrO3 (32). Thus, the dielectric constant of CaZrO3 doped with Nb2O5, or MnO is decreased markedly. In addition, Mn+2 incorporated into Zr-sites of CaZrO3 plays the role of acceptor, which compensates for the number of conduction electrons and contributes to better performance of electrical properties such as insulation resistance and tan δ. Conversely, Nb+5 incorporated into Zr-sites of CaZrO3 plays the role of donor and provides more conduction electrons, leading to poor performance of electrical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5853-5858
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Volume45
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jul 7

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Dielectric properties
dielectric properties
Electric properties
electrical properties
Doping (additives)
ceramics
atmospheres
conduction electrons
Permittivity
permittivity
Electrons
insulation
Insulation
sintering
Sintering
microstructure
Microstructure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Effects of dopant on the dielectric properties of CaZrO3 ceramic sintered in a reducing atmosphere",
abstract = "In this study, the influence of CaZrO3 doped with three dopants, SiO2, MnO, and Nb2O5, and then sintered in a reducing atmosphere on microstructure, phase formation, and electrical properties is investigated. SiO2 plays the role of sintering aid to enhance the density of CaZrO3 leading to better performance of electrical properties as a function of SiO2 content. MnO, and Nb 2O5 were incorporated into the Zr-site of CaZrO 3 to make stoichometric CaZrO3 into non-stoichiometric CaZrO3 with Zr excess resulting in the formation of a second phase, CaZr4O9, which has a lower dielectric constant (13) in comparison with that of the main phase of CaZrO3 (32). Thus, the dielectric constant of CaZrO3 doped with Nb2O5, or MnO is decreased markedly. In addition, Mn+2 incorporated into Zr-sites of CaZrO3 plays the role of acceptor, which compensates for the number of conduction electrons and contributes to better performance of electrical properties such as insulation resistance and tan δ. Conversely, Nb+5 incorporated into Zr-sites of CaZrO3 plays the role of donor and provides more conduction electrons, leading to poor performance of electrical properties.",
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Effects of dopant on the dielectric properties of CaZrO3 ceramic sintered in a reducing atmosphere. / Lee, Wen-Shi; Su, C. Y.; Lee, Y. C.; Lin, S. P.; Yang, Tony.

In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers, Vol. 45, No. 7, 07.07.2006, p. 5853-5858.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - In this study, the influence of CaZrO3 doped with three dopants, SiO2, MnO, and Nb2O5, and then sintered in a reducing atmosphere on microstructure, phase formation, and electrical properties is investigated. SiO2 plays the role of sintering aid to enhance the density of CaZrO3 leading to better performance of electrical properties as a function of SiO2 content. MnO, and Nb 2O5 were incorporated into the Zr-site of CaZrO 3 to make stoichometric CaZrO3 into non-stoichiometric CaZrO3 with Zr excess resulting in the formation of a second phase, CaZr4O9, which has a lower dielectric constant (13) in comparison with that of the main phase of CaZrO3 (32). Thus, the dielectric constant of CaZrO3 doped with Nb2O5, or MnO is decreased markedly. In addition, Mn+2 incorporated into Zr-sites of CaZrO3 plays the role of acceptor, which compensates for the number of conduction electrons and contributes to better performance of electrical properties such as insulation resistance and tan δ. Conversely, Nb+5 incorporated into Zr-sites of CaZrO3 plays the role of donor and provides more conduction electrons, leading to poor performance of electrical properties.

AB - In this study, the influence of CaZrO3 doped with three dopants, SiO2, MnO, and Nb2O5, and then sintered in a reducing atmosphere on microstructure, phase formation, and electrical properties is investigated. SiO2 plays the role of sintering aid to enhance the density of CaZrO3 leading to better performance of electrical properties as a function of SiO2 content. MnO, and Nb 2O5 were incorporated into the Zr-site of CaZrO 3 to make stoichometric CaZrO3 into non-stoichiometric CaZrO3 with Zr excess resulting in the formation of a second phase, CaZr4O9, which has a lower dielectric constant (13) in comparison with that of the main phase of CaZrO3 (32). Thus, the dielectric constant of CaZrO3 doped with Nb2O5, or MnO is decreased markedly. In addition, Mn+2 incorporated into Zr-sites of CaZrO3 plays the role of acceptor, which compensates for the number of conduction electrons and contributes to better performance of electrical properties such as insulation resistance and tan δ. Conversely, Nb+5 incorporated into Zr-sites of CaZrO3 plays the role of donor and provides more conduction electrons, leading to poor performance of electrical properties.

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