Effects of high-pressure assistant-gas flow on high-power CO2 laser cutting

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The main objective of this research is to investigate CO2 laser cutting performance on 3 mm thick mild steel plate with assistant-gas pressures of up to 10 bar. A co-axial cutting nozzle able to withstand pressures of up to 12 bar was designed and set up. Experiments were performed with this high-pressure coaxial nozzle. The cutting edges were examined to provide information on cutting quality. The results show that an acceptable-quality cutting region does not exist for pure oxygen cutting, but that good cutting can not be obtained at an assistant-gas pressure of over 4 bar with 3 mm thick mild-steel plate. For inert-gas cutting, dross under the cut kerf was formed with most of the cutting parameters. An almost clean cut was found with an argon gas pressure of 10 bar at a cutting speed of 25 mm s-1. For the laser cutting of 3 mm thick mild steel plate it is advised that oxygen cutting is still the best, although argon and nitrogen may be used instead. Air is inferior to these gases as an assistant gas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-66
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Apr 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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